Linguist - a ... branch of linguistics - Linguistics

Each language is unique, beautiful and difficult to understand and study.People who think that African tribes have a vocabulary of a few dozen words, profoundly mistaken.Russian, English, German, Chinese, French - it is impossible to say that one is easier than the other.A man who knows many languages, is the key to countless treasures, as each nation has its own culture, customs, and interesting to explore.Roman Emperor Charles V said that the French need to talk with your friends, in German - enemies in Spanish - with God, and Italian - with women.

What is Linguistics?

Linguistics is a serious science.At all times, scientists have been studying the language features, comparing conversations representatives of different peoples.Linguistics - a branch of linguistics, in charge of the investigation of the features of conversational speech.Science studies the variation between languages, their strengths and weaknesses, dialects of different peoples.Linguists consider the particular grammar, the structure of words.All scholars agree that languages ​​have a similar basis, it is equally difficult, as long as man does not understand on what basis to teach them what to pay more attention.They consist of a set of sounds and words, building that in a certain order, the person receives a special mechanism for the creation of a huge number of expressions.Linguist - a student of languages, their development and changes over time.

Main sections of linguistics

branch of linguistics, in turn, is divided into several sections: theoretical, applied and practical.Each of them solves the problem.Theoretical Linguistics deals with the study of language laws, the creation of theories and rules.It is an empirical and normative.The first describes it as it is, and the second shows how to talk.Linguists studying languages ​​are similarities between them, create them related groups, looking for language universals, and so on. D.

Applied Linguistics deals with the introduction of language functions in different areas of human activity.This may be the development of special devices to transfer speech, optimization of functioning of the language system, the creation of coding theory, and so on. D. Applied Linguistics deals with language knowledge, the transfer of this knowledge to others.This should include the study of native children and foreign language, translation, art and everyday word creation, lingvokonstruirovanie.The practical application of the theories of linguistics is that the application has created a subsection of linguistics.

What is a linguist?

Linguists are divided into several types, but they all have one goal - a detailed study of the features of speech.Linguist - a person professionally engaged in the study of the creation, development and change of any particular language or a whole group.A specialist can find application of their knowledge in various fields of science and education.Different countries operate special institutions in which linguists make a variety of reference books, dictionaries, explore previously unexplored dialects peoples.

Specialists may also be engaged in professional translation of texts to teach children and adults the basics of both native and foreign language.They help kids understand and remember the basic rules for constructing speech spelling.

linguists What are they?

All linguists should be divided into three main categories.The first is attributed linguists who study one language.It can be both native and foreign.Such experts are not sprayed on several tasks and methodically devoting all his time to the study of the particular features of speech of the people.The second category includes modern linguists who study the features of a particular group of languages.Among them are Mongolian, novelists, German studies and other experts.The third group consists of professionals studying regional languages.It Africanists, aziatisty, Americanists and others.Activity linguists also different topics and sections.For example, isolated morphologists sintaksistov, semantistov, phoneticians.

What you need education?

professional linguists are prepared on special linguistic or philological faculties.But as the experts themselves admit, this education is not enough in most cases.Linguist - a multiple personality, constantly in search of new knowledge.To become a true professional in his field, in addition to receiving a diploma of higher philological education, it is necessary to complete postgraduate or doctoral internship.In addition, the need to constantly replenish their knowledge of new information, because it is impossible to know everything, and languages ​​are not static, but change.

main quality linguists

Excellent mash, patience, high efficiency, perseverance, erudition, education, care, thoroughness, discipline - these are the main qualities that should have a good specialist.Expert linguist in any situation is obliged to remain optimistic, to think positively and constructively.Professional of the business - not only a linguist, but also the analyst.The linguist must memorize a lot of information, pay attention to the small details.Experts usually know how beautifully and intelligently express their thoughts, have a tendency to research.The meaning of "linguist" indicates that such a person must ideally know the target language.To do this, he must be curious, have excellent hearing and memory for words and meaning of the text.

Where do linguists?

Recently, this profession is not particularly popular because young people naively believe that in the future they expect problems with employment.However, the Russian linguists can find application of their knowledge in the fields of culture, science and education.With this diploma, you can get a teacher at the institute, college or school.Some experts prefer to do research.In this case, you need to look for a place in research institutes, in which you can study the characteristics and stages of language development.Experts research-based writing scientific articles, papers, make directories, participate in the formation and creation of textbooks for kindergartens, schools and universities.

development and distribution of computer technology has significantly expanded the scope of activities and linguists.Now experts are actively involved in the development and creation of various programs, correct form turns of phrase.Linguist - a master of words, where does it still work, if not in the sphere of information technologies?Good professionals are worth their weight in gold in advertising, mass media, public relations.

Many believe that to reach the highest rung in the career ladder can become head of the department or the dean of the faculty in some universities.That prospect is not very enticing, as in science wages low.Ambitious young people can also try their hand in the business, such as a translator or reviewer of an international company.Such work is paid more than worthy.In general, the linguist to find a job is not a problem, it is only necessary to be a good specialist with an active lifestyle.

demanded any profession?

linguists usually easy to find employment.The profession can not be called a common and vital but, in some areas a good professionals pay decent wages.Linguist can realize himself as a research worker, researcher, teacher, translator, assistant, information technology specialist, a developer of computer software.Depending on personal preferences and capabilities, you should choose a job.