Every day political relations and processes are more and more difficult.It's hard to say what the monarchy today, what are the species present and, most importantly, is it good or bad for the population of the country and society as a whole.Despite this, because historically, that there are two basic forms of government, having as its internal division.And to be able to talk about the complexity of modern political life, it is necessary to understand the initial concepts.Thus, the majority of experts on the question "What is a monarchy?" The answer is as follows: it is a form of government in the state, which is characterized by life-long independent authority (one person), which is usually inherited.Someone has rightly said that just by itself, out of nowhere, she can not take.First monarch came to power in two main ways: by election or by violent conquest crown.
There are two main varieties of autocracy - is unlimited (or absolute) and a limited monarchy (where it is also divided into a parliamentary, constitutional and dualistic).
first type considered a form of government characterized by the fact that the government is inviolable, it is unconditionally inherited (mostly within the same genus) and belongs to the owner for life.In addition, the ruler of the commission of any steps is entirely based on his own opinion and does not accept any responsibility for their actions.What is a monarchy where the king (or Sheikh) shall do so in pursuit of only sole purpose?
In this case, to speak of tyranny and despotism in the state.
Currently, probably, there is no absolute monarchy in its purest form.The closest to it will be the form of government in Oman and Saudi Arabia.
What monarchy dualistic type?This concept is relatively recent, although the visual patterns in the world today does not exist.Dual Monarchy was typical of many countries in the past - in Italy, Prussia and some others.A feature of this form of government was the presence of a legislative body other than the head.He was authorized to issue regulations, which, however, once the monarch could "reject" or unconditionally to make them their own changes, and sometimes even to dissolve parliament.
Currently more prevalent gained power with restrictions.The modern monarchy is most common in the constitutional or parliamentary form.In the first case, the power of the ruler limited set of his rights and obligations (as in Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Qatar and others.).In the second it is driven into the scope of the Parliament who have considerable powers, which in most cases wider than the monarch.Countries with such a form of government - Canada, Thailand, Nepal, Australia and others.
Political scientists isolated and some other types of the monarchy at the moment.These innovations cause changes in the modern device of many states.For example, in the United Arab Emirates operating republican monarchy, where a single leader periodically appoints the head of the federation.
Unfortunately, one can not say what form of government is better.Even in the most democratic republic, which is officially the country can act almost authoritarian government, comprising the people in fear.In other words, everything is known in practice, though studied in theory.