Folklore - a kind of map of the national consciousness.And that makes it different from other forms of language arts, including literary, in which popular wisdom expressed the personality of the author alone.The literary work can also display highly personal perception of the surrounding, while folklore unites the collective, public vision.Modern Literature is increasingly turning to the phenomenon of popular literature and peculiarities of its functioning within Russia.The authors of the XXI century recently tend to be active interpretation of the traditional culture of production.The growing popularity of mass literature is provided by the use of the ability of the reader writers played on a subconscious level is already known to him the images and themes presented in the work.Very often, such "base" is the folklore.
Folklore motives, sooner or later all writers use both mass and elite literature, the difference lies in their function at this level.In popular literature, folklore - is primarily a "factor of education of national literature," that is the guarantor of the text correlation with generally accepted standards of literature, the reader is willing to consume.In these circumstances, trying to determine the literary: what is folklore in literature, how to interact with the works of folk motifs popular literature and what are the characteristics of their impact on the author's text, as well as the transformation experienced by the folklore text as it is included in the plane of contemporary literary works, and change ittraditional values.Researchers established limits entering text in the text of folk literature and folk traced the transformation of universal archetypes.One of the main challenges will be to find out what the folk in the literature, to explore their interaction and communication in the works of popular literature.
authors of popular literature main objective when writing the work put to interest the reader.To do this, first of all, they tend to the master image intrigue.Zofia Mitosek in the article "The End of mimesis," writes that "the construction of the plot - this is a game of tradition and innovation."And if the term of tradition to bear in mind "the transmission from one generation to another activity and traditional forms of communication, as well as their associated customs, rules, ideas, values," the reader is a worthy representative of the folk tradition in literature.In today's society it is necessary to inculcate the younger generation need to study the traditional folklore.
School program: Literature (Grade 5) - folklore genres
Fifth grade - an important phase in the development of language education students.Accessing works with folklore materials caused by the necessity of self-affirmation, a significant susceptibility fifth grade students to folk art, folklore as matching the spoken word to the active speech child who is under constant development.Such education in high school gives the student a lesson of literature.
genres of folklore, which should be studied in the modern school:
- calendar ritual poetry.
- Family-ritual poetry.
- folk drama.
- heroic epic.
ballads and lyrical songs
- family and domestic songs.
- and domestic songs.
- small arms and rebel songs.
- Songs literary origin.
Fairy-tale and historical prose
- Popular beliefs.
Folklore - "genetic" element attitude
artistic action in the plot of literary works often simple and intuitive, designed to meet the everyday consciousness of the reader.Folklore is the "genetic" component of attitude and, as a rule, put into the consciousness with the first songs, stories, riddles since childhood.So, the school features folklore gives the student a lesson literature (Grade 5).Folklore makes the world more clearly, trying to explain the unknown.Therefore, the interaction functions of folklore and literature creates a powerful resource to influence the mind of the recipient, in which the text of the human mind is capable of mythologizing and even cause the transformation of the rational sphere of human thinking.The answer to the question "what is folklore in literature" is determined by a direction of the inherent creative thinking and use.In the works of folk art ideas are often disclosed on the verge of crossing the literature.Maybe it affects the primordial ritual folklore.Literature (Grade 5) in the modern school is increasingly relevant today, returns to the theme of spiritual and cultural renaissance in the fundamental principle of existence of our nation, one of the main carriers of information about which there is folklore.
In our time there was already a tradition of analysis of what folk literature, according to which equate creativity to the standards of popular culture is considered to be inappropriate in spite of the label of "mass" of novels, they have their own style, artistic styleand, most importantly, the theme of works.They are "regenerated" from the depths of the soul eternal themes of interest to the reader who slept with the beginning of a new era.Favorite themes of ancient authors there is a village and the city, the historical link between generations, the mystical story of love-erotic overtones.In well-established historical images built modern style of "direct" description of events, traditional culture is applied in a modified form.Heroes of the works are characterized by the breadth of comprehension of life and psychological experience, describing their characters are emphasized allusions to the history and culture of our people, who often appear in the author's remarks and digressions.
emphasis is on the visualization of the paintings, which is carried out by a more dynamic presentation of events and the effect of understatement that encourages the reader to the creative "collaboration."In each novel, the hero exists in the world created by the author's own, with its own geography, history and mythology.But when reading the recipient accepts this space as already known, that is, it enters the atmosphere from the very first pages of the work.This effect is achieved by the inclusion of the authors of the various schemes of folklore;We are talking about the "imitation of the myth is not mythological consciousness", according to which the elements of folklore act under its traditional context and become more semantic meaning, but at the same time perform the function of identifying the reader is already known to the ancient meanings.Thus, in the texts of popular literature going desacralization of traditions and folklore.
phenomenon of the past and present modifications
modification phenomenon of the past and the present can be traced even in the nature of the construction of almost all products.The texts abound with proverbs and sayings that allows concise, condensed form to convey the centuries-old experience of the people.In the works of the main is that they act as elements of monologues and dialogues hero - often used by characters in the elderly, bearers of wisdom and morality.Signs and sayings also serve as a hint of the tragic fate of the heroes of the time.They carry a deep meaning, one sign can tell all the life path of the hero.
Folklore - the harmony of the inner world
So certain mythologizing and related to folklore in the works is the natural and as much a part of the created world, as the specifics of the peasantry, the ethnic flavor and vibrant, now broadcasting.Mass literature is based on the "basic model" mind reader of the people (which are based on the "initial intentions").In the works of such "original intentions" are precisely the elements of folklore.With the help of folk motifs occur close to nature, harmony, inner peace, and the remaining functions of folklore fade into the background, there is the simplification of the sacred.