For those children who are difficult to study in connection with existing health problems, there are special educational institutions are opened or remedial classes in a regular school.It can record a disabled child or developmentally delayed.The main purpose of such institutions and classes lies in the social adaptation of students and their integration into society.
If your child to school soon ...
The fact that their child lags behind peers in development, caring parents realize from the very first years of his life.Especially it becomes apparent to the age of six.The child lags behind in development, has poor speech and low intellectual abilities.Sometimes these children do not even know how to hold a pencil.Not only for teachers but for parents it becomes apparent that such a child should attend remedial class.This will allow him to adapt to life in the social and physical.
Where are special classes?
process of education of children with developmental delays available can be arranged in any educational institution.For those who do not know what remedial class in the school is to explain that it received kids from special groups of pre-school institutions.Moreover, enrollment is possible only with the consent of the parents, in their written statement.
remedial classes, usually open at the initial stage of the curriculum.And it continues to function until a secondary education.To work with children in the state institutions are specially trained teachers.In addition, the school should have a scientific and methodical literature, as well as corresponding to the direction of class material base.All this will help to organize the learning process, as well as to provide treatment and preventive support for these special children.
remedial classes in schools are opened according to the order of the director.This must necessarily be concluded psychological, medical and pedagogical consultation on the school each child, as well as psychological, medical and pedagogical commission district.
People take in remedial class?
Special training in secondary schools receive children who are experiencing difficulties in obtaining the knowledge, as well as adapting to the bad team.Typically, these students have had mild abnormalities in the brain, central nervous system, as well as the backlog of emotional and volitional type.
in the remedial class, open to secondary school, do not take the children with severe developmental disabilities.These include:
- gross violations of hearing, vision, speech and motor forms;
- mental retardation;
- pronounced violations of collective dialogue, shaped early autism.
Translations into ordinary class
Children enrolled in a special program, there is an opportunity to acquire knowledge with their peers.To convert to a regular class a child needs to have a positive development.In addition, he must successfully master the special program.This transfer is possible when making the appropriate decisions psychological, medical and pedagogical consultation and with the consent of the student.
regime of work and rest
remedial classes for students considered to be the most appropriate work in the first shift.However, their schedule is set taking into account the small disability and fatigue.
For kids attending from 1 to 3 correctional class introduces additional holidays.These children were released in February for a vacation for seven days.
Pros specialized training
remedial classes in schools have the fullness of seven to fourteen students.If more pupils should be allocated rate for another teacher.In this case, form an additional remedial class.A small number of children makes it possible to give maximum attention to each of them.
The positive side of this class is the fact that work with students is conducted not conventional teachers and teachers-defectologists.This special training in universities.Teachers, speech pathologists are called to work with children who have difficult medical diagnoses.These teachers may find the key to even the most difficult children.
with students who attend remedial classes in schools, speech therapists involved.If necessary, this training is carried out individually.The children attending remedial class, psychologists.If necessary, these experts advise parents.
program for remedial classes take into account the fact that it has a special children.It includes the most simple exercises and tasks.This allows the child to move up the learning ladder slowly, microscopic steps.In other words, this special program keeps pace with the sustained development of the student.
Cons correctional training
One of the main problems is the integration of a special class of children with dissimilar medical diagnoses and various psychiatric and psychological problems.Universal program for all does not exist.Often these children are lagging behind in one subject and gifted differently.For example, a child may not be in harmony with the mathematics, but to paint like a real painter, crooked write, but have the ability for foreign languages (they are, unfortunately, a special program is not provided).
in remedial class often send children from families that are socially disadvantaged.These children, deprived of parental care, at first really lag behind in development.However, the enhanced training they quickly catch up.As a result of these healthy children get bored by slow train curriculum.
gradation correction classes
Special training is divided into eight kinds.For them, education is directed to children under the medical diagnosis.The following types of remedial classes:
- I - for deaf and blind children;
- II - for the deaf;
- III and IV - for the blind and visually impaired;
- V - for stutterers and children with speech disorders;
- VI - for students with mental and physical development;
- VII - for children with mental retardation and ADHD;
- VIII - for the mentally retarded.
Special classes I and II species
They open for the upbringing and education of hearing-impaired children.These special remedial classes are designed for students of formation of verbal speech-based audio-visual perception, to compensate for and correct possible deviations in mental and physical development.Teachers aim to prepare these children for independent living.What is the difference between these remedial classes?The work program educational process designed specifically for deaf children.Occupancy of this class - up to ten people.
Special classes III and IV species
They are created for training, as well as the correction of abnormalities in children with visual impairments available.In these types of remedial classes can be taken the kids with strabismus, amblyopia.
main task of teachers is to develop the students of compensatory processes.For this purpose are held not only the group but also individual lessons for the further development of tactile and visual perception uttered speech on social and domestic orientation, physical therapy, rhythm.The training in these special classes for children form skills.
To develop the curriculum to pupils with visual impairments is available special equipment and tiflopribory.At the heart of education of these children is the Braille system.The teacher uses a non-standard teaching materials, as well as specific means clarity.All this allows to expand the availability of several prepodnosimye information.
Special classes of type V
They were created with the purpose of education and training for children with severe speech pathology.In parallel, assistance is needed to eliminate existing diseases and related features in the mental development.If the positive trend of development of the child, it can be transferred to a regular class.However, this opinion will need to obtain psychological, medical and pedagogical commission.
remedial classes 5 species provides for primary education for 4-5 years.Regulations for the general basic education is a six-year term.
First, the initial stage of training, provides for the correction of various speech defects.These include violations of the rate of speech, sound pronunciation and phonemic hearing, as well as pathologies associated with these abnormalities in the mental development of the child.The pupil taught the skills of normal conversational speech, correct grammatical form of expression and expand their food vocabulary.
In the second stage of education for children is the development of high-grade writing skills and oral transmission of information, which allows them to effortlessly engage in society.Maximum class size is 12, 5 kinds of people.Correction of violations made available not only in the classroom but also at various events.
Special Class VI type
They taught children with disorders of the musculoskeletal system.This special class of tasks of complex correction of speech, cognitive and motor areas of the pupils.The purpose of this training is also a social and labor adaptation of children to society.The maximum number of persons with whom the teacher should do, should not exceed ten.
Special Class VII type
They are designed to teach children with delays in mental development.The main symptoms of this disease are expressed in attention and memory weaknesses, as well as failure and mobility rate.
When visiting these classes for children provided by the normalization of emotional and volitional and psychological development.Do pupils is formed and skills needed for the learning process, as well as cognitive activity is activated.Occupancy of this class is 12 people.At the same time children receive speech therapy provided assistance.
Special classes VIII kind
They provide for the training of children suffering from mental retardation, to eliminate variations in development.Correction of Class 8 of the form used for social and psychological rehabilitation of the child.This will allow him in the future how to painlessly integrate into society.Maximum occupancy in this class - 8 people.
ends this training for labor certification.This exam includes questions of materials science and manufacturing technology products.