blood test makes all children without exception.The results of this research can say a lot.There are certain standards by which to assess the health of the child.The deciphering of the analysis you can find the numerical values of red blood cells, platelets, and others. As a result of drawing blood draw conclusions about immunity kid assess the overall picture of the patient's disease of the young, and others. To be able to decipher a blood test, you need to know what the rate of platelet child.This is what will be discussed in this article.
What are platelets?
Scientifically speaking, platelets - are cells that are formed from megakaryocytes.Place of their origin - red bone marrow.The shape of platelets - discoid.Size - 2-4 microns.Platelets are enucleated cells.From the bone marrow the bulk gets into the blood, and the rest deposited in the spleen.On average, the cells live for about a week.The rate of platelet child and adult can vary.Tolerance - of +/- 10%.
- involved in the process of blood clotting.
- Perform angiotroficheskuyu and adhesively-aggregation functions.
- cells provide retraction of blood clots.
- Transfer circulating immune complexes, thereby supporting vasospasm and others.
Norma platelet fickle child is directly related to the properties of the cells.During the activation of platelets constitute psevdopodobii, ie processes.Through them platelets are connected to each other and adhere to the walls of damaged blood vessels.Such clots rescued from blood loss.However, an increased number of blood cells can lead to life-threatening clots.
Norma platelet child
CBC make even babies.The district pediatrician certainly gives direction to carry out this procedure.The study platelets in children should be in the following ranges:
- 100-420 * 109 / l - in the newborn;
- to the number of thrombocytes should be -150-350 * 109 / L;
- in children older than one year is the normal value - 160-390 * 109 / l (according to other sources, the older, 180 * 320 * 109 / L).
Estimating the number of platelets, the doctor determines whether the baby's propensity to thrombocytopenia or thrombocytosis.In other words, the first disease occurs when platelets dropped the child, the second - if they are raised.If the blood cells in the normal range, then all is well.Over / under number tells deviations by which the physician can make a diagnosis.
Norma platelets in adult
number of colorless blood cells in the adult and child are different.In addition, men and women is not the same as the concentration of platelets.In the beautiful half of humanity rather wide margin this indicator.Considered normal value - 150-380 * 109 / L.The lower limit of the number of platelets occurs during menstruation.During pregnancy, this concentration is also considered normal, as due to the development of the fetus the mother is not able to produce the same volumes as much platelet as before.
If we compare the performance of children (1 year and older) and adult men, we can be surprised.The platelet count in the blood is the same.The norm is 180 * 320 * 109 / l (according to new data - 160-390 * 109 / L).Under the Child refers to individuals, male and female.As soon as a girl begins her menstrual cycle on biological indicators, it becomes a woman, and the platelet count is changed due to the periodic blood loss in a month.
Low platelet count.What does this mean?
Norma platelets in a child 3 years should be at 160-390 * 109 / L, when the concentration is significantly reduced (20-30 * 109 / L), it is necessary to sound the alarm.Such a number of blood cells may be due to several reasons such as:
- lupus erythematosus;
- low hemoglobin;
- lack of iron in the body;
- bacterial and viral infections;
- heart failure;
If platelets are reduced, a child may be one of these diseases.Also, thrombocytopenia, occurs in premature infants and after blood transfusion.
In critical situations, when the baby revealed bleeding from internal organs, you need a blood transfusion donor, which a sufficient number of platelets.
How to raise the level of platelets?
often to raise the level of blood cells, people resort not only to medicines.Even experienced doctors sometimes recommend to refer to the popular recipes.It is proved that a certain diet can cause an increase in platelet count in the child and adult.What you should be eating?The diet should be:
- parsley, spinach, celery, dill;
- beef liver;
- nourishing broths;
- rosehip juice;
- rowan berries;
- green apples;
- beets, carrots, cabbage, bell pepper fresh;
- salad nettle in sesame oil.
Eating these foods all the time, you can slightly increase the platelet count.The people have a lot of recipes that will lead to the same result.The healers are advised to drink on an empty stomach sesame oil (1 tablespoon) of fresh nettle juice diluted with the same amount of milk.
course, foods and herbs are able to slightly increase the number of platelets.In most cases, traditional medicine acts as an aid in the fight against the disease.Serious health problems without drugs can not be solved.Do not risk the health of the child, treating it at home.Treatment medication and diet should prescribe a doctor.
For example, the rate of platelet child of 4 years - 160-390 * 109 / L.If after the date of CBC at the kid found a large number of blood cells, it can be caused by:
- spleen injury;
- violation of the internal organs, is possible after surgery;
- liver disease;
- physical congestion;
- fractures of the long bones;
- use of corticosteroids;
- osteomyelitis, and others.
thrombocytosis are of two types: primary and secondary.When the stem cells of the brain are destroyed, we are talking about the first disease.Usually, primary thrombocytosis happens in leukemia.Reactive (secondary) occurs in various pathologies.There are cases when the concentration of cells in the blood is very overpriced.It is necessary to immediately raise the alarm, as thrombocytosis can be caused by the appearance of a malignant tumor.
How to reduce the number of platelets?
When thrombocytosis usually doctors prescribe intake of such drugs as antithrombotic agents.Also, the doctor will advise you to drink products containing in its composition aspirin.It is capable of aspirin to thin the blood.Contribute to reduce platelet possible by eating blueberries, apples, oranges, cranberries and cranberry.Mandatory in your diet should be the seafood rich in iodine.An indispensable condition will stop smoking and reception of alcohol, especially for adults.
In folk medicine have recipes that are able to reduce the number of platelets.Connoisseurs advised to drink cocoa with no sugar on an empty stomach and garlic tincture.You can also make ginger root powder.To prepare you will need a tablespoon of raw materials cup of boiling water.
sure to follow a diet.It is advisable to make your daily diet so that it was attended by products that will thin the blood.Give your child the dishes prepared on flaxseed and olive oil.Suggest baby tomato juice, lemon.You can eat onions and garlic in a net.Incidentally, the latter not only reduces the number of platelets in the blood, but also promotes faster resorption of thrombi.Be sure to eat foods high in magnesium.This element will not allow the blood to form clots.Drink more water, because the circulatory system is 90% of it.Dehydration leads to thickening of blood.The daily rate of water consumption in the adult is on average two liters, the child - not less than a liter a day.When trobotsitoze need to increase the use of natural juices, fresh fruits and vegetables.
How to treat?
To make a correct diagnosis, the doctor must appoint conduct some research.For example, the rate of platelet a child 5 years - 160-390 * 109 / L, based on the results of analyzes were vyyaleno more important then the doctor will recommend the following procedures:
- at intervals of 3-5 days is necessary to take a blood test on platelets(3 times);
- a quantitative study of C-reactive protein;
- pelvic ultrasound and the abdominal cavity;
- pass urinalysis;
- check the level of serum iron and ferritin;
- consult with gynecology and urology.
If a kid has a slightly elevated platelets (500), the child has no serious problems.Reduce the number can not receive special drugs.
Thrombosis can occur in both adults and a child.When a blood vessel is damaged, its walls begin to interfere with blood clotting.Platelets can not cope with its task and break.Under the action of procoagulant protein that affects the sedimentation rate, forms a thread.They are the foundation of a blood clot.