19-20 century Russian philosophy (or rather, the very beginning) - this is a very significant phenomenon in the context of the culture and history of Russia.Not without reason this period is called "Silver Age".Interestingly, the exceptional importance of the cultural fracture was recognized by his contemporaries not immediately, and the name of this character is later.The very epoch is characterized by the fact that almost all the cultural and artistic life was in his prime, despite the economic crisis and the growing chaos and political life.Feeling as if approaching the revolution spurred to an unprecedented flowering of philosophical creativity.For the first time in the history of Russian philosophy it was created original and unique philosophies.
difficult to say exactly when the era, the main achievement of which yavletsya Russian philosophy of the Silver Age, but many culture experts attribute its origin to the time of formation of the Philosophical Society at St. Petersburg University in 1897.
search for symbols and truth, attempts to penetrate into the world of "the other side" and the search for how to build a world in which we live - it's just a few touches to the portrait of various philosophical trends that have characterized the Russian philosophy 19-20century during its highest peak.The ideological sources of this philosophy were the most different, sometimes quite unpredictable elements of the philosophical heritage - ancient Gnosticism and the German mystics, Nietzsche and Kant.And representatives of the philosophical schools were created in Russia, not just transferred to the native soil of these original ideas, but based on them, building on them, they made their own creative flight.
most interesting in terms of the richness and diversity of ideas is described era Russian religious philosophy of 19-20 centuries.Himself Vladimir Soloviev, Bulgakov, Florensky, L. Karsavin, Berdyaev and others were kind of the core of this philosophy.But the most holistic and coherent system managed to create Berdyaev and Vladimir Solovyov.Their work even called philosophical and religious renaissance.In fact, the rise is associated with the religious philosophy of "backlash" in the spread of atheistic and positivist ideas, and with the huge popularity of mystical and esoteric teachings of various kinds, and the expectation of the end of the "old world.""God-seeking" and "god-building" even penetrated the Marxist and revolutionary camp that caused him bitter controversy.
At the turn of ages 19-20 century Russian philosophy often turned to such a concept as a new religious consciousness and the demand for renovation of Orthodoxy in general and ecclesiastical institutions in particular.Non-dogmatic vision of Christianity and especially the Orthodox Christian philosophers of the time irritated the official Church."Aestheticism" Silver Age philosophers have often criticized the church for having instead to influence the improvement of society, it simply is in the service of the state.In particular, the gap quite sharply against Christianity and Public Affairs was Vladimir Solovyov, who blamed Christianity for the care of life, and therefore the entire social progress passed into the hands of unbelievers.The basis of the philosophy of Soloviev - sophiology - was that God and man must move towards each other, doing good together.
not agreeing with many of the conceptual provisions Solovyov, Berdyaev, however, also believed that the contemporary Christian culture is not genuine.He believed that in addition to the Old and New Testament needs more "Third Testament", the Holy Spirit will be in the role of Sofia, and then Christian culture fulfill his true destiny.19-20 century Russian philosophy, especially the philosophy of Berdyaev positions often the main goal of humanity - the improvement of the creation of God, enriching it.However, Berdyaev, and other religious philosophers, however, have tried through the reinterpretation of ancient and Christian ideas to solve pressing social problems.