Freedom - is the endless pursuit of the essence of man.It is the desire of man to overcome the internal and external borders that prevent the needs of the human spirit to the absolute expression.
Necessity - something without which can not do.It is an objective requirement of the real world in the form of human existence as a natural phenomenon, limited in time and space.
Freedom and necessity - the two sides of the same coin.It is inherent to human nature two quality characteristics largely determine the shape of life in society.Consider these categories in their dialectical unity.What is the relationship between freedom and necessity in human life?
Freedom - one of the central categories of humanitarian knowledge.Freedom - the ability to select the path of self-realization in the life of art, society.This quality determines the degree of social maturity of a person.The ability to make choices in an effort to carry out its mission for the benefit of themselves and for the society, without the threat of infringement of the freedom of other members.
freedom is always associated with the knowledge of the need to limit the degree of freedom.Indeed, in reality, freedom is always limited by the terms, conditions, methods, needs and other external and internal constraints.In order to understand what is the relationship between freedom and necessity, must disclose the nature of the latter concept.
Necessity: what it appears to humans?
Necessity - a philosophical category, which in the classical sense acts as a stable connection of facts and phenomena in nature and does not depend on the will and desires of the people.To understand the nature of this category should be familiar with the history of the formation of concepts.
necessary to show himself as hostile to the spirit of man if he does not put her comprehension.In the case where the need is recognized by the start of absolute nature, this approach leads to determinism.This absolutization of the objective laws of nature, which "fit" people.Therefore, this approach denies a person's ability to be free.Everything is predetermined, and the choice of the person deterministic external circumstances.Svoboda and the need in this case act as mutually exclusive.Consider these concepts in unity.
Dialectics of the concepts of freedom and necessity in the history of philosophy
Communication freedom and necessity is the subject of analysis of the ancient period of human thought and culture.She scales - at the balance sheet allows blend in with any form of life.We ate these scales will swing in the direction of freedom - open space for voluntarism. If necessary, the side - fatalism, predestination and inevitability of life that in its extreme manifestation devalues the concept of freedom.
only in their synchronicity observed a delicate balance.What is the relationship between freedom and necessity?If the answer in the traditional materialistic approach, freedom is interpreted as a perceived need.What does this mean?And how this controversial judgment opens the connection and interdependence of concepts?
Freedom is the recognition of necessity
most obvious contradiction between freedom and necessity appears in the analysis of relations of society (the state) and the individual.On the one hand - the personal needs of the person.On the other - social regulation on the borders of individual freedom in the interests of freedom of other members of society.
history of our country with a totalitarian control system showed that the experiment of the violence of the individual in favor of society and leads to the degradation of the individual and the state.That's the value of a particular person should be a priority.A state regulatory mechanism of interests of members of society should be of an economic nature and to respect human rights.
aware of the need for a person carries a positive message if the external necessity which limits their freedom, perceived and recognized not just as "objective evil" that must be taken, but in the need to offer benefits to the individual himself.
Escape from Freedom
not always freedom is a value paradoxically.The famous psychologist Erich Fromm created a masterpiece called "Escape from Freedom", which analyzes the path of choice "lack of freedom" and, consequently, intuitive or deliberate refusal of responsibility for the selection.
For example, such a social phenomenon as emancipation.Or so-called "freedom" of women in the processes of their self-realization.Often, this phenomenon can be traced precisely the opposite behavior - a greater degree of responsibility of women in society, both for the family and for his own career.Such social metamorphosis form freedom and necessity, the problem of responsibility for the violation their harmonious equality borne by the stakeholders.
human responsibility for freedom of choice
greater the degree of freedom of the person, the greater its responsibility for the results of free behavior.Choice - it is the principle of freedom, the scope is limited to a range of social contract - the law norms.This is demonstrated in the implementation of choice, what is the relationship between freedom and necessity.It has a proportional relationship.
responsibility of the individual in society comes on legal norms the age of majority, 18 years.It is from this age a person is fully responsible for their choices.The choice always has consequences.Even the rejection of the option of inaction - and the choice and availability of his personal responsibility in society.
statement that freedom is the recognition of necessity, emphasizes the responsibility of the person in front of you and the community for performance.Only a high degree of civil, personal identity forms a free society.
philosophical and ethical categories of freedom and necessity in the humanities have a logical nature and at first glance seem far removed from the practical aspects of life.In fact, they are the fundamental principle of social self-organization.