large-scale investment activity involves the creation of the necessary economic conditions for the concentration and mobilization of resources.This gives rise to the agents of production and commercial activities of different organizational and legal forms and complexity corresponding to the level of the market, defining the main financial indicators of the company, in the parameters of the effective flow of capital into profitable areas.Most of these criteria correspond to the system of economic entities in the form of corporate structures.
to refer to such economic agents in the domestic and foreign literature the definition of "integrated", "business team", "Corporation", "group of companies", which were originally determined and the main activity of the company.
With increasing integration in the economy the main economic indicators of the company increasingly tend to consolidation and integration of capital.Thus, at the present stage the leading role in economic development is played by large industrial groups, the results of which form the basis of the gross domestic product of many countries.The investment activities of companies is becoming increasingly global in scope and is expressed not only in the creation of new industries, but, more often, in the acquisition of existing companies (M & amp; A) or joint ventures, the formation of various alliances (SA), which significantly changes the traditional basiceconomic performance of the company.
Despite the relatively high percentage of failed mergers / acquisitions, and the creation of structures, alliances, transnational corporations (TNCs) continue to increase investment and intend to maintain this strategy in the future, influencing thus in the main economic indicators of the company.
Currently direct investment of TNCs implemented in three main ways, which are two different models of the companies: organic growth (FDI Green Field), as well as transformational growth (M & amp; A and SA).At the same time the second variant accounts for more than 2/3 of all FDI TNK
Key economic indicators of the company within such models show that, despite the large-scale practical implementation of the integration of transactions, theoretical development of various forms is still insufficient.In modern economic theory, there is no generally accepted definitions of the above concepts.Neither of these terms is not defined in the existing legislative industry.The development of the integrated structures requires their clear definition, allocation classifications.
hallmarks of a classic integrated structure (IS) are single ownership of the factors of production, the product and the income component of the economic basis of the integrated structure and provides control of the company for the cost of manufactured products (services) in the market;highly centralized and unified management of production parameters.
In foreign practice, the defining characteristic of the integrated structures is often the presence of a single management and multi-level nature of the organization.There are core and ancillary businesses, which are at different levels of the associated connection: tight, loose and politesnoy.The core IP is the parent company, representing a large-scale enterprise or a holding company with a controlling stake.The company closely related - a subsidiary company shares (or a controlling stake) which is located at the holding company.Enterprises politesnoy communication - a company in which the share of participation in the hands of the parent company.Companies loose connection - it's business units related to the parent company or a close connection with the participants of stable relations of cooperation.If you have a parent company, without the participants close connection, it is impossible to speak about the integrated structure.