Research linguists about the origin of a particular language provides insights into the degree of kinship of various nationalities.Do not underestimate this quest, because sometimes in the course of an analysis reveals the hidden secrets of mankind, it is of great importance.In addition, as a result of the investigation of origin of the world's languages is increasing evidence to show that all means of communication taking the origins of one start.There are different versions about the origin of a particular linguistic group.Consider what the roots of a Indo-European family of languages.
What is included in this concept?
Indo-European family of languages has been allocated linguists, based on the great similarity, the similarity principle, proven by a comparative historical method.It included about 200 living and the dead means of communication.This language family is represented by carriers, the number of which exceeds the mark of 2.5 billion.However, their speech is not limited to the scope of a State, it is widespread throughout the world.
term "Indo-European family of languages" was introduced in 1813, one of the famous British scientist Thomas Young.Interestingly, the British physicist is the first to decipher the Egyptian inscription with the name of Cleopatra.
hypotheses about the origin
Due to the fact that the Indo-European language family is the most widespread on the globe, many scientists are wondering about where the roots take it supports.There are several theories about the origin of the linguistic system, a summary of which can be represented thus:
1. Anatolian hypothesis.This is one of the first versions of the origin of the proto-language, and common ancestors representatives of the Indo-European group.Its advanced English archaeologist Colin Renfrew.He suggested that the birthplace of the family of languages is the territory of what is now the Turkish settlement of Çatalhöyük (Anatolia).The hypothesis was based on the scientific findings found in this location, as well as his work on the analysis of experiments with radiocarbon.Supporter of Anatolian origin is considered to be another British scientist Barry Cunliffe, known for his work in anthropology and archeology.
2. Kurgan hypothesis.This version is proposed to Marija Gimbutas, who was one of the prominent figures in the field of cultural studies and anthropology.In 1956, in his writings, it is suggested that the Indo-European family of languages originated in present-day Russia and Ukraine.Version based on the fact that at that time was developed culture burial type and Yamnaya, and that these two components gradually spread throughout much of Eurasia.
3. Balkan hypothesis.According to this hypothesis, it is believed that the ancestors of Indo-Europeans living in the south-east of modern Europe.This culture originated in the area of the Balkan Peninsula, and included a set of material and spiritual values created in the Neolithic period.Scientists have put forward this version based their judgment on the principle of linguistics, according to which the "center of gravity" (ie, the birthplace or source) language is spread in an area where there is the greatest variety of means of communication.
Groups Indo-European language family include the most common modern means of communication.Research scientists, linguists prove commonality of cultures, as well as the fact that all people are related to each other.And most importantly, what should not be forgotten, and only in this case it is possible to prevent hostility and misunderstanding between different nationalities.