development of society in economic terms is a complex and multifaceted process that involves serious structural changes in the economic situation of the country and reflects the quality of life of people.
There is a classification of countries into the world economy, according to which emit the developed countries (Sweden, Japan, USA, France, Germany, etc.), The developing countries in the global economy (India, Brazil, and others.) And countries with economies in transition stage (stateCentral and Eastern Europe and the former republics of the Union, Vietnam, China, Mongolia, and others.).These groups of countries in the world economy characterized by common parameters and patterns of development.
economic development of individual countries rather difficult to measure, it does not proceed in a straight line, one line.He is characterized by uneven, alternating periods of recession and growth, quantitative and qualitative changes in progress, positive and negative trends.
In the guise of various countries affected by the characteristics of their historical development.For example, a feature of the development of Latin America and Africa is their multiformity.That it explains the slow change of the relations of production, which occurs as a result of a stratification of economic and social structures in the other, the new to the old.
developing countries in the global economy today is different from the development of backward states in its economic and social aspects.Their underdevelopment reflects the state of the economy, characterized by a low level of productive development of economic relations.
It is determined by the value of GDP per capita, the very structure of GDP, the level of development of science, state of the art, quality and productivity, etc.
developing countries in the global economy is characterized by two aspects: general historical (which manifests itself in lag of one type of social development on the other) and modern (shows a low level of development of the countries at this stage).
developing countries in the global economy have common specific problems of the economy and social development, the solution of which requires special approaches, different from those used in industrialized advanced countries.
developing countries in the global economy have characteristics and in international economic relations.Due to the low level of production and agro-resource specialization of these countries focused on the industrialized nations of the West.Hence, the economic relationship of subordination with respect to the latter.Such relationships are characteristic of different kinds of relationships that establish and support the developing countries with the development of economic, political or ideological sphere.The degree of subordination (dependence) varies with the state of the international economy and the characteristics of the socio-economic development of these countries.
Developing countries, in fact, different from the development of the industrial and social structure of their entire society.They usually have not formed a strong and sustainable civil society and strong desire to keep the principles of community structure.
social structure of those countries formed in the different civilizations and different for socio-cultural filling.
Developing countries now occupy in world production rather modest place.They account for only about 18% of total world GDP and about 13.6% of the industrial world production.Most of these countries are rich in human and natural resources.
In terms of per capita GNP of developing states are divided into those with high (Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, UAE, Hong Kong, Singapore), medium (Africa) and low (tropical Africa) income.