Artwork "The destiny of man" Sholokhov was first published ten years after The Great Patriotic won in 1956-1957.The subjects of the story is not typical for the literature of the time devoted to the war.Author first told the soldiers that were captured by the Nazis.
In this article, we will analyze works, "The destiny of man" MA Sholokhov, and describe its summary.
fate of soldiers captured by the Nazis
fate of these people, as is now well known, was no less tragic than the fate of soldiers who visited the front.Above the prisoners brutally tortured not only Germans.They betrayed the homeland itself - in the Soviet Union to be treated as spies, enemies of the people.Upon returning home, mostly prisoners of war were deported to different camps of the Gulag.There they continued to suffer the same torments as a prisoner of the Germans.
But this tells Sholokhov ("The destiny of man").War theme in his work is primarily concerned with the image of the hero.The author focuses on is the typical fate of soldiers who participated in World War II.
Summary: The beginning of the story
war ends.Blooming spring.Andrei Sokolov, a soldier, a native of Voronezh province, remembering his past, tells of the former life.He participated in the civil war on the side of the Reds, he worked in the Kuban region in the hungry 1922.Then Andrew came back to Voronezh and was a carpenter, and a driver.He married the girl he loved, brought with her three children.But in 1941 came the second, fateful year, and Andrei Sokolov was drafted into the army.
Andre was captured
working as a driver at the front, he drove to the front ammunition.After the bomb exploded, and his car was broken, Andrew was wounded and captured.There, together with other Russian, he lived in a dilapidated church.Circumstances were such that Andrew had to kill one prisoner, who wanted to give his platoon commander Germans.The cruelty of war and the Falcons is now in a concentration camp, but the idea to escape, does not leave him here.
unsuccessful and successful escape
Escape succeed, but eventually caught.Despite the fact that dogs natravlennye at him, bitten by Andrew, he manages to survive.Again abuse, starvation, hard labor.In 1944 he made a new escape, taking with him a captured German officer, who had the documents.This time he managed to get to her.
Once in the hospital Andrei Sokolov cured, he returns to his hometown of Voronezh, where he learns that the family it is no longer there: the daughter and wife died when it was bombed, and Anatoly son, went to the front.The happy news that Germany surrendered, was overshadowed by the main character for the news that his son Anatoly died.
new meaning of life
demobilized, Andrei Sokolov, no longer returns to Voronezh.It is near the city Uryupinsk tea meets a waif.Sad eyes boy Vanya cause sympathy for the main character.Knowing that the boy, just as he had, no one from the family, he decides to take an orphan to himself and to become a father for him.
narrator and protagonist
analysis of work "Fate of a Man" Sholokhov's start with the narrator and protagonist, as the narrative as it is divided between them, and in the middle of it - the fate of Andrei Sokolov.Also Sholokhov, this narrative devices used in his work, such as Lermontov in his "hero of our time", as well as Gorky in romantic stories.
narrator as we learn from the exhibit - a figure that is close to the writer.He is on his way to the Don village, but I have to because of the flood linger, waiting for the boat to shore.
a riot around the spring awakening nature and pattern of this pleases the narrator, as a symbol of the rebirth of all living things after a devastating war.The narrator enjoys the solitude and silence, but suddenly sees a man with a boy who wearily plod forward.Thus we are introduced to the main characters - Andrei Sokolov.
image Andrei Sokolov
In his portrait highlights callous, rude employee's work-worn hands, and his eyes filled with sadness, as though sprinkled with ash.
We realize after analyzing the work "The destiny of man" Sholokhov, the whole meaning of life for this war-battered character is his adopted son.It is no coincidence clothes Vanya much tidier than his father.Hero cares primarily about the boy, not paying attention to yourself.
Then we learn the fate of this character is already out of his mouth.Andrew random interlocutor very honest - it does not hide the personal details.
can safely say that the life of this hero was happy.After all, he had a loving wife and children, he was engaged in his favorite thing.This is typical of Andrew's life at the time.Sokolov - a simple Russian people, some in our country at that time, it was millions.
feat Andrew ("Fate of a Man", Sholokhov)
essay "The war in the life of the protagonist," you can build a relationship in contrast to her Andrew and others who met in his life.In comparison with them it seems even greater and more terrible deed, which, in fact, is his whole life.
hero, unlike the others, shows the patriotism, courage.This confirms the analysis of work "Fate of a Man" Sholokhov.For example, during the battle, he conceives almost impossible to implement - to deliver Russian troops projectiles, breaking through the barrier of the enemy.At that moment he did not think about the impending danger of their lives.But the plan could not be implemented - Andrew gets to the Nazis captured.But here, he did not lose heart, keeps a sense of humor, self-esteem, peace of mind.So, when the German soldiers ordered him to remove the boots, which liked to Sokolov, as if mocking him, it removes even footcloths.
The work reveals various problems Sholokhov.The destiny of man, anyone, not just Andrew was then tragic.However, the front of her face different people behave differently.Sholokhov shows the horrors taking place in the prisoner of the Germans.Many people in inhumane conditions, lost his face: for the sake of life or a piece of bread, they were ready for any betrayal, humiliation, even murder.The stronger, purer, higher personality seems Sokolov, his actions and thoughts.Problems of character, courage, fortitude, honor - that's what interests the writer.
conversation with Muller
And in the face of imminent danger of death Andrei (conversation with Muller), he behaves very worthy than even the enemy is respected.In the end, the Germans recognize the inflexible nature of the warrior.
Interestingly, the "confrontation" Muller and Sokolova took place just at the moment when there was fighting at Stalingrad.Moral victory for Andrew in this context, becomes a symbol of the victory of Russian troops.
rises and other problems Sholokhov ("The destiny of man").One of them - the problem of the meaning of life.Hero experienced firsthand to fully echoes of the war, he learned that he had lost his entire family.I hope for a happy life disappeared.He is all alone, lost the meaning of existence, exhausted.Meeting with Vanyusha not let the hero die down.This boy hero found his son, a new incentive to live.
Mikhail believes that resistance, humanism, dignity - features typical of the Russian character.Therefore, our people managed to win in this great and terrible war, as suggested by Sholokhov ("The destiny of man").Subject human writer disclosed in some detail, it is reflected even in the title of the story.Referring to him.
meaning of the name of the story
story "The Fate of Man" is so named not by accident.The title is, on the one hand, convinces us that the nature of Andrei Sokolov is typical, and on the other - also emphasizes his greatness, as Sokolov has every right to be called a man.This work gave impetus to the revival of the classical tradition in Soviet literature.It is characterized by attention to the fate of a simple, "little man", a decent respect to the full.
using different methods - the story-confession, portrait, voice characteristics - the author reveals the character of the hero as fully as possible.This is a simple man, majestic and beautiful, dignified, strong.It can be called a tragic fate, as the share of Andrei Sokolov fell seriously tested, but we still can not help admire them.Do not break his relatives nor death, nor war."The destiny of man" (MA Sholokhov) - work very humanistic.The protagonist finds the meaning of life is to help others.It is this, above all, demanded stern post-war period.