Idiom - it's ... It would seem that this is the right beginning of the article about the phraseology.I will not argue, but still want to not just quote the main points and once again retell the theory, but look at this question in another way, at least to start.So I'll start with the unusual.What is the word?This question any average student replied: "The word - a neuter noun, 2nd declination inanimate."Stop, stop, stop.This leads to a new question.Yes, indeed, it is inanimate - in other words, a soulless creature who does not breathe, does not live.But as it is possible that a particular word penetrates, inspiration, or conversely, rushilo hope to kill, it lived and died.Why is there a single word, and the other lives and breathes?How to revive the word?How to breathe life into it?I think to answer may idioms ... Idiom - it ....
In linguistics, there is a section that deals with the study of phraseology or set phrases - phraseology.Therefore, we can only imagine how this phenomenon is deep in nature and broad in application.Thus, science offers us the following explanation: idiom - a stable phrase turnover, consisting of several words, the total value of which does not correspond with the values of its constituent words, the components (the phrase "go into circulation" - to stop the active, in which the meaning of words"exit" and "circulation" does not correspond with the total value).And now look at everything in order.All phraseological units have the following set of characteristic features:
- integral and constant composition (turnover "piece de resistance" can not alter and say "stud" or "screw program");
- single value ("Gehenna" - hell, "a stitch" - poverty);
- parsing is one part of a sentence ("warm the soul" - the verb, "Augean stables" - subject);
- one or more values ("to get to the point" - 1) finish the job;2) come in any condition);
- act as a unit name ("brothel", "pansy", "yellow press");
- express assessment ("as two drops of water," "slipshod").
Returning to the above, we can draw one conclusion.Idiom - a living word in the literal and figurative sense.When and who breathed life into them?The answer is simple and obvious - the soul of man.Only she can work.Only she is able to create everlasting.Just a word consisting of a set of letters and sounds, it is impossible to convey what is happening in the human soul, the states, the feelings, the emotions and feelings.A simple word merely states a fact: for example, "to be rich" - the person is the holder of a lot of money, and that's all that can be learned.Now, let's compare it with the expression "to bathe in gold."See the difference?It clearly conveys the inner state of a person when he has a lot of wealth.Here and delight and bliss, and some impossible happiness.
How is this process of revival?Hard to say.We can only guess.Many idioms are born of the songs, fairy tales, legends, chronicles and parables, "rivers of milk, milk and honey", "slack", "Kudykin on the mountain."They reflect the history of the people, traditions, customs and culture, "empty-handed", "Mom went," "leftovers from the master's table", "roll up their sleeves."
expressions relate to sustainability and aphorisms, finding talented writers spectacular quotations of famous people.Some turnover was in the process of borrowing from other languages and cultures of the Bible, based on the vivid images of Greco-Roman myths, etc .: "Sisyphean labor", "alter ego", "Augean stables", "manna from heaven."
Like all living things, some obsolete idioms and die in their place come new - "to get a residence permit" - to get the right to exist;"Pavlik Morozov" - a traitor, Judas small;"shock therapy";"shadow economy".In this infinite world phraseology is easy to get confused, especially those who study foreign languages.It is important to remember that the turns of phrase can not be translated literally.And the rest - the chief assistant can become phraseology dictionary that explains 20 thousand expressions. Who needs
Finally - someone might ask: "Why do we need idioms? Why complicate it and weigh down the text cumbersome phrase that can actually replace a word?"On this question, I have a counter: "What we need spices, herbs, seasoning? It is enough to cut, fry, boil - and the dish is ready."However, with the help of aromatic spices and pungent condiments cooking each dish is transformed into a real art when it becomes habitual unique.Idiom - it's the same spices that can be filled by non-negotiable text flavors and gives it a special taste.