very long time in such concepts as "employees" and "federal officials" had no legal status.These terms are not completely studied and not considered a matter of fact.The lack of resolution of the issue is further compounded by the presence of personnel records in the questionnaire column "social status", which was supposed to answer only those options: peasant, workers and employees.
thus implies that the employees - all those who can not be included in the two other categories (workers, peasants).This category includes not only the employees of government agencies, but also non-state institutions.
Justification essentially civil servant
In the late fifties of the 20th century in the literature provoking attempts to justify this concept.As a result, almost all authors have taken the view that the "employees" - is a term understood in the narrow and broad sense of the word.
regulate this notion of the relevant federal law.This legal document states that public officials - is a person professionally engaged in their official duties at the respective positions, promote enforcement powers of state bodies of the Russian Federation.These employees receive appropriate monetary compensation, the source of which is the federal budget or the budget of the particular subject of Russia.
main subjects of legal relations
State and employees - are two of the subject of some public-service relationships, which are characterized by mutual rights and obligations, restrictions and prohibitions, as well as other components of the legal status of an employee.
State acts as employer of civil servants at the federal level and any subject of the Russian Federation - as an employee the employer has the subjective level.
main types of employees depend on the type of the service: civil, law enforcement and military.
Signs civil servants
term "employee" may be determined by several traits.Firstly, it is a natural person of working age, which owns a perfect state language, which has a vocational education and meet the qualifications established by law.Second, the employee is obliged to comply with the requirements and provisions of the relevant legislation.Third, the special federal laws define the content of the level of activity of the employee, as well as of obligations, legal status, restrictions, responsibilities, restrictions and warranty.Fourth, given the special legislation the employee is assigned to the corresponding rank and rank.
Summing up, it should be noted that the precise definition of the nature of employees must be the prerogative of the state.Therefore, current legislation gives this concept of the completed form from a legal point of view.