Almost every student knows that if the teacher of the Russian language in the classroom will address him with the words: "To make proposals on schemes" - at first will need to determine the structure of, and in the end will arrange punctuation.And with the last handle any student, as they are shown on the schematic diagram.All methods of image is directly dependent on several factors: the availability of direct speech, and involved verbal participle phrases, as well as the kind and type of proposals and their schemes.
To chart the proposals of this kind require the author's words and immediately direct speech.In this first designated by the capital letter "A" or a capital "A" (in the case of writing in the beginning of a sentence), and the second - a large letter "P" with the obligatory use of quotation marks.Below is a look at some common examples:
"P" - and .;
A: "U!" .;
"n, s. -P" .;
A: "P!"- a.
Each punctuation already arranged that helps to quickly assimilate and even punctuation.
Simple and complex
If the answer to the question of how to make the scheme offers a simple or a complex type, you should start with the conventional images used in the schematic drawings.The most common scheme is considered to be linear, which implies the use of parentheses to subordinate clauses, and to highlight the main square.In addition, the predicate and the subject, too, have their own characters.In the first case, the two parallel bars, and the second - a dash.It is worth noting that in the complex type can be specified so-called means of communication - word union or federation, as well as the question of the principal to the subordinate parts.Here are some basic examples: [- = =], [- - =] and [- =].
deciding how to chart offers a complex type, you must consider that they are of three types: asyndetic, Compound and slozhnosochinennye.In the graphical display to remember: all the means of communication themselves part of the proposal should be displayed on a mandatory basis.For example: [- =] [= -] and [- = =].
There shall always be dependent part.It is indicated by parentheses with the word inscribed in them, which serves as a binder, and that it raises the question coming from the main word or phrase.How to create a scheme proposals in this case - can be seen in the illustrative example: [- =] (since).
Alternative view schematic drawing
addition to linear types, sometimes made use of vertical schemes.Their main difference from the first - no commas or other punctuation marks, and layout for the main part.At the same time clauses can be any number.For example:
question arises as to chart the proposal and during pre-university training.In this case, practice specialty posters of paranasal pieces in the form of circles, and most importantly - in the form of rectangles.In addition, in some cases unions can be brought outside the graphic shapes, but with the obligatory abandonment within the Union speech.This is necessary because the Union is as much a part of speech, as well as other components (communion, predicate, subject and so on).