Types of Sciences.

In today's presentation of science is a very multi-faceted phenomenon, in accordance with its main characteristics and features.All discipline is divided into a plurality of sectors.Types of science differ from each other depending on which side of reality, they explore the material form.Equally important is the choice of one or another method of learning.

development of science in the vision of modern scientists reduced to a few models:

  1. formation and development of the discipline through research by modern scholars work of their predecessors.
  2. development through the implementation of scientific revolutions.This model involves regular change prevailing views, the transition from the "quiet phase" to the "crisis stage."
  3. development of the discipline through a cognitive approach to the rules of science.In this model as a reference are the theoretical schemes and techniques, mainly from the field of physics.This causes any knowledge criteria: the possibility of experimental verification, conclusiveness, accuracy.
  4. development through the integration of knowledge.In this case the construction of the system is carried out in accordance with the extraction of elements from different industries with the help of methods and theories from other fields of knowledge.

division into types of Sciences carried out on the subject (object), and the practical use of the method.

The first class includes natural, social discipline, and the knowledge about thinking.

Types of sciences of nature is a very simple first class section.Total natural sciences implies the exclusion of everything that has been brought by the researcher in the process of cognition.In other words, the law of nature or the theory is true, if the objective content.

Types of Sciences, incorporated in the category of public, are somewhat more complex and detailed section.In these disciplines hold the subjective moment is carried out not only with conceptual form, but also the specific reference to the historical, social subject.

Types of cognitive science, along with public sectors combined in the humanitarian category.Here are the first feature evident in the fact that an object performs something expressed in individual or public consciousness.

The second class includes science, different research methods.The choice of receiving is carried out in accordance with the nature of the test subject (object).At the same time further in the selection there is some subjectivity.

The third class includes types of applied sciences, practical, technical nature.In this case, the objective side retains for causing the value and subjective - increasing practical importance in determining achievement.All industries in this class are based on a combination.It involves the interaction of the objective side (Natural Law) and subjective moment.