logistic system - a complex structured set of elements interconnected in a single process, and having a common goal of business organization.Micrologistical system - a logistics management of working capital of the enterprise (OS) at the micro level, ieat the enterprise level.
In the most general form of such control involves the following cycles:
- OS structure determination, their turnover and profitability, clarify what constitutes the policy of management of circulating assets of the enterprise;
- follows the logic of the next fiscal cycle, which is defined by its duration and to calculate and analyze the structure of the operating system for the financial cycle of a particular company;
- inventory management (KM) and the cost of the finished product (EGR);
- receivables management - it is the act of monitoring and analysis, contracts, balance sheet analysis, payment collection.
This article will consider the structure of micrologistical control system consisting of subsystems of management of material and monetary reserves of the company.The mechanism of planning, which is built on working capital management companies, material and monetary reserves based on the principles of logistics to optimize the use of stocks and a concomitant change in the stock of financial resources in time.
main parameters of inventory management of enterprise resources as finished goods and work in progress in the application of the strategy with a fixed volume of the production batch is the production order and the point of the production order.The input-driven micrologistical subsystem suppliers come from the material resources that are stored in the warehouse.Then they enter the first manufacturing process step and converted to work in progress with a particular intensity.Unfinished production enters the second process step and is converted into work in progress on the other, higher intensity, etc.After the end of the last stage of production, the output is finished products coming to the warehouse of the enterprise.From there it is shipped to the consumer.
In this model, working capital management and control of enterprise-level stock products in stock as follows.From the consumer receives the demand for the finished product batch.The stock in the warehouse is controlled only during the period of receipt of demand for it.Then, the current stock on the stock minus the demand for finished products is compared with the point of a production order.If the stock is available to the consumer the right amount of the finished product, then it happens immediate shipment to consumers to the extent necessary, with the execution of the order by the manufacturer is minimal.If the stock is not available in the required amount of finished product, the immediate shipment it does not occur, and the demand of the consumer is delayed.This served an order for the production of finished products in the required volume.On receipt of the demand from the consumer up to the moment of shipment the current stock in the warehouse is checked daily.
After a certain time (the first manufacturing unit of production) after the resumption of the production process to warehouse finished products receives a specified intensity, and it begins to replenish stock.Over time, the stock is replenished to the desired level, and then there is the shipment of finished products through the optimal time.
Similarly manages working capital in the regulation of the level of reserve work in progress at the moment.Daily supply is controlled by a work in progress.Then, the current stock in stock compared with the point of a production order.If the first index greater than the second, then any action to regulate the level of the stock of work in progress is not made.If the order is not supplied, then served an order for the production of Party work in progress to the extent necessary.A short time after the resumption of production at the warehouse begins to enter a work in progress with a given intensity and stock of unfinished production begins to grow.
Such techniques working capital management can be applied at the level of regulation of the stock of material resources in the warehouse.Again describe such an algorithm is not necessary, it is similar to that already described above.
should be taken into account in the implementation of the management model, in that the external influences on the object of control here are the demand for the party and the timing of the order.