Each word in the Russian language belongs to any part of speech.All of them are grouped according to certain morphological characteristics and common grammatical meaning.Under the grammatical meaning of words to understand a generalized response, which is only indirectly related to its lexical interpretation.For example, all nouns are similar to those that have a value of objectivity and numerals indicate the number or order with the score.
There are independent (they are also called notional) and service parts of speech.
have significant, in contrast to the official, there is, in addition to generic values, lexical own.
Simply put, the meaning of a lexical unit is normally clear proposals.Even if we are talking about multi-valued homonyms or lexical units in the head read or heard the word appears certain significant way.
yourself called parts of speech such as nouns and adjectives and pronouns, and, of course, numerals.These adjacent verbs (participles, gerunds) and adverbs, and some scientists have added to the number of categories of state.
Utilities words semantically dependent and their task - an expression of the relationship between words in sentences and phrases.These include associations, particles and prepositions.
at Russian lessons as well as in verification work, students make the morphological analysis of all the parts of speech.For the correct execution of these tasks need to know as a generalized value of each word and a number of permanent (compulsory attendance) and non-signs.
consider their common morphological features.
Nominal parts of speech and of the sacrament, for example, are inclined, that is exposed to their inflection of case.Also, they are characterized by categories of gender and number:
Most people (n. 2 slope. In RP, plural) prefer to take leave in the first (num. Ordinal in PP, MR, ed.ch.) summer months.
All verbs are one of conjugations.Permanent signs of words denoting action is a kind and transition.Inclination, age, gender, person and number of verbs are not always, but only in some forms.For example, a person can not be determined in the past tense, and the very category of the time there is only in the indicative mood:
started (verb sov.v., return temp., Nepereh. 1 Ref., In the indicative mood, proshed.vr., Is one.ch., f) storm.
adverbs and adverbial participle does not change at all.The adverb is the category by value, and if the quality is derived from the adjective, the degree of comparison.In gerunds are still some signs of the verb: the form, transitional and reflexivity:
Standing (deepr., Unchanged., Nesov.v., Nepereh., Nevozvr.) Near the window, I carefully (adv., Unchanged., Modus operandi)eyed passersby.
Morphologic analysis of service parts indicate their immutability, and rank in importance (particles, unions) and the origin (excuses):
Tree grew not (particle neg.,) In (excuse neproizv.) Garden,and (union writing. against.,) on.
In conclusion, it is worth noting that strict morphological analysis involves determining the syntactic role of words in a sentence, which is also derived from the grammatical meaning.