English stable expression: from the history of Apple idioms

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The term "stable expression" linguists understand such constructions, the meaning of which is different from the plain meaning of its constituent words.To denote this concept, there is also synonymous with "idiom" and "idiom."Typically, these lexical units are fixed grammatical structure and specific order of the words used in speech only as a whole.

Linguists of the world is still debating what phrases and sentences can be considered phraseology.In English, the term "stable expression" is often understood as the so-called "phrasal" verbs (stable combinations of verbs with adverbs and prepositions): to eat in - there is the house, to eat out - eat at a restaurant or cafe, to eat something up -eat anything completely.

Some researchers attribute to the idioms and proverbs, aphorisms and quotes.Without going into the intricacies of the terminology in this article we want to consider the British stable expression, which uses the word "apple".This default will be assumed that the phraseology and to set phrases include proverbs, aphorisms, because of their frequent repeatability and extreme metaphor.

Apple idioms

Russian and English idioms, dating back to biblical or ancient myths are a copy.Compare:

Adam's apple - Adam's apple;

Apple of discord - the apple of discord.

Because much more interesting to consider the "apple" stable expression unique to the English language.

An apple a day keeps the doctor away (Eat an apple a day, and the doctor would not be necessary), - saying goes.

Studies in the UK show that the active use of the fruit (at least 1 per day) the risk that a person happens myocardial infarction, reduced by 21%, and the average life expectancy increased by 17 years.

The apple of somebody's eye (the apple of someone's eye).

So say the person (or thing) who love most in the world, or that madly proud.Russian equivalent of the "apple of the eye", "favorite child".Incidentally, the word «apple» comes from the Anglo-Saxon «aeppel», which meant that both the eye and the apple.

To polish the apple (apple polishing).

Means - flatter anyone suck, "crumble small beads" or "pour honey into the ears."In the XVI-XVIII centuries, first in Sweden and Denmark, and then in America, there was such a custom: the students gave teachers the red, rosy apples polished to a shine.Very often resorted to this method, careless students hoping to "appease" the teacher, get a high score.

Americans are very fond of apples.According to legend, during the conquest of the country one of the pioneers engaged in cultivation of this fruit, for which he earned the nickname Johnny Appleseed - Johnny Appleseed.While cake recipe with these fruits are found in various publications in the XIV century, but in America, the famous apple pie was not just a pastry, and one of the national symbols.Therefore, some stable expression in the English language dates back to the food products.

Apple pie order (the order of apple pie) - perfect order.

As American as apple pie - as American as apple pie.

As easy as apple pie - as easy as apple pie.

What could be easier than to make a cake with apples?The first colonists pastries baked generally on the basis of stale bread.Russian proverb would sound like this: "piece of cake", "Piece of cake."

Big Apple (Big Apple)

That's called in the US New York, and sometimes even any metropolis.In the 30 years of the twentieth century in this city gathered jazz performers from around the world who loved to repeat: "On a lot of different apple apples but if you won New York, consider that the biggest apple in your pocket."

Stable expression reflect national language picture of the world.They allow deeper to learn the language and its nuances, to make it more colorful and emotional.