Mosque on Poklonnaya Hill harmoniously blended into the overall ensemble of Victory Park, a memorial complex area of 135 hectares, which was built in memory of the heroes who gave their lives defended Russia in the struggle against the invaders.There are monuments to the soldiers the war of 1812 and 1941-1945, I World War, soldiers-internationalists and all-all who gave their lives for freedom and independence of our country.
ideal place for a memorial
Poklonnaya Hill - a place designed for the construction of the fate of her memorial of all those who died for the Holy Russia.Since ancient times, when the flat hill was far to the west of Moscow, where merchants and travelers stopped to admire the golden domes of numerous churches and temples of the capital and worship them.
Always Rus faith and fidelity were the main stronghold of the country.Hill, concluded between the rivers Setun Filka and gradually became a ritual place where it was possible to give a nod great nation, its faith and the people, at the cost of lives over the centuries to defend the freedom of their homeland.
meaning and history of the name
idea of the monument to the heroes of the War of 1812 was born at a time when the Germans were at the walls of Moscow.The idea of the architect J. Tchernichovsky that emerged in 1942, was patriotic and, in general, timely - to honor the former liberators spite of enemies standing on the threshold.But the country living under the slogan "All for the front, everything for victory," no money for other purposes.Timely idea was also because it was here that Napoleon, which is now a memorial, which is organically entered Mosque on Poklonnaya Hill, waiting for "Moscow kneeling with the keys of the old Kremlin."He did not wait, and wait, and Hitler was not given.And where, if not here, it was necessary to erect a monument to the heroes of the Fatherland!The idea back in the 60s.
first stone of the future memorial "Victory Park" was laid out in a solemn ceremony on Feb. 25, 1958.
monuments to the heroes of several wars
Arc de Triomphe in the memory of the heroes of the War of 1812, was erected in 1968.Only in our time here it was erected a monument to the forgotten soldiers of World War I.Russia - a multinational country and all the people who inhabit it, paid tribute to the defense of the homeland.Their memory is honored not only on the territory of the Republic, and location.Government of the capital, the Ministry of Culture of the Russian Federation and the Spiritual Administration of Muslims of European Russia (DUMER) in 1992, it was decided to erect it in Moscow, in the holy place, a monument to the victims of the Russian soldiers who are Muslim.The best memorial, of course, could be a mosque on Poklonnaya Hill.
A huge part of the population
Muslims in the country a lot - are residents of parts of the Urals, Siberia and the Caucasus, Bashkortostan, Tatarstan and Crimea.In memory of the dead inhabitants of these territories on the draft Moscow architect Ilias Tazhiev and a memorial was erected.The main initiator of the construction and one of the sponsors of the project was well-known in Moscow, a big businessman Faiz Gilmanov.In his homeland, in the Tatar village Medyany, in 1992-1995 at his expense it was built mosque, "Rashid", named after the mother of an entrepreneur and has become one of the most remarkable examples of modern Islamic architecture.
Mosque on Poklonnaya Hill opened in a solemn ceremony on Sept. 6, 1997.The first stone in the huge crowds, the traditional sacrifice, concerts and performances of the best representatives of the clergy, science and culture of the Muslim world of Russia, was founded in 1995.Given the fact that due to lack of sufficient funds construction started late, Memorial Mosque was built in a short time.Maybe because it was constructed of concrete slabs and only it was lined with red brick.The main cost to build the mosque took over the Moscow government.Some support could provide in response to an appeal to the Muslim Dumer CIS Kazakh government and Adygea, Bashkortostan and Tatarstan.The presidents of these countries and republics arrived in Moscow for the inauguration of mosque.The case of foreign visitors has been very impressive.
remarkable architecture itself
Memorial mosque on Poklonnaya Hill looks light and airy due to the snow-white lace trim on a red background.60-meter minaret, soaring, reinforces the impression.Area muezzin calling for prayer, is located at an altitude of 50 meters.Narrow windows, ribbed dome of hammered copper, a combination of red and white make a fourth at the time of construction the mosque Moscow irresistible.Inside a lot of white stone carvings, including the eight pillars supporting the vault.Here, under the dome, there are two tiers of facilities for women.On the brass boards - inscription in Russian and Arabic, telling, after whom the mosque was erected.The room has a size of praying for 15x10 meters, its marble floors covered with rugs.Necessary part of any mosque, the mihrab - a niche in the wall with two columns and an arch pointing toward where is Mecca - located at the entrance to the hall.Next to him, on the right side - the chair to read sermons.The mosque is very elegant and attractive, organized excursions here.
Victory Park - one of the favorite places of Muscovites who come here every day, thousands of people, thereby paying tribute to those who died.Poklonnaya Gora (photo attached) is very beautiful.Its central sculpture, a huge stele, which is crowned by a statue of victory Nike with two angels and St. George slaying the serpent, is very impressive.Statue patron saint of Moscow is located at the foot of the stele.The main avenue with fountains and the Triumphal Arch, the sculpture "The tragedy of peoples" and the Central Museum of the Great Patriotic War, a monument to soldiers-internationalists, and much more - all this attracts Muscovites.