Autumn time still delights us with an abundance of color, despite the fact that nature is already beginning to prepare for a period of rest, wither.The variety of colors different plant autumn flower beds.They create a festive mood.Especially if you planted with imagination and love.
Classification autumn colors
Autumn flowers delight not only the variety of color, but also quite a long time of flowering.Most of them bloom in August and can bloom in September, October, and some even in November, has not yet come frosts.
autumn flower beds Plants may be the most diverse colors.Red, orange, yellow, white, pink, purple, blue ... And even variegated.
The shape and height of the flower stem of the plant, flowering in autumn, too, may vary significantly.
All these features can be skillfully used in flower beds breakdown.For example, competent gardeners plant skillfully combine in color, as well as the flowering period.Plant height also plays a big role in the proper organization of the flower beds.Higher plants should not overshadow the lower and thicker must skillfully shade isolated instances.
If we talk about scientific classification, the autumn colors are divided into annual and perennial.The latter in turn are bulbous.
autumn flower beds Plants: name
fall colors very much.But of course, among them is the most common, as a rule, characterized by simplicity of cultivation.
Among perennial autumn flowers in garden plots dominated chrysanthemum, clematis, roses, gladiolus, dahlias, helenium, "Chinese lanterns", stonecrop, hydrangea, salvia, kolhikum, asters.The last are not only perennial, but annual.
to the annual autumn flowers are alyssum, ageratum, marigolds, godetsiya, dimorfoteka, kosmeya, tsiniya and others.
Many gardeners prefer to plant perennial autumn flowers: do not worry about planting every year, except bulbous perennials.In addition, the majority of perennials autumn flower beds are unpretentious to the soil, care coverage.
planting perennial flowers
perennials can be propagated by seeds, bulbs, cuttings, and dividing the bush.
best time for planting them - the beginning of spring and in August-September.
autumn planting in October and November, a positive effect on hardening of seeds they germinate in unison, the plants develop a good root system, and they are more resistant to disease.Incidentally, in the autumn planting is not only long-term, and annual flowers, such as alyssum, cloves, Chinese, rudbeckia, aster Chinese and others.
Before planting the plants should be well dug earth and to mineral and organic fertilizers.Only then prepare the wells or grooves.Sow the seeds in them do not need immediately.It is better to do it when the soil is a little podmerznet.Top seeds need to sprinkle sand and peat can be used for these purposes humus mixed with sand.On top of a bed of dry leaves fall asleep.
They are most often thrown
most popular perennials autumn flower beds: chrysanthemums, asters and helenium.On the first two talk more.
Chrysanthemum is often called the "Queen of the autumn."Flowers it is a great variety of colors and shapes.Conventional double and semi-double blossoms are white, yellow, pink, red, cream, lilac flowers.
Garden chrysanthemums, depending on the variety, blooming from late August to late October and even later, up to the frost.
be planted chrysanthemums best in full sun and fertile loose soil.Before the start of flowering they should feed the nitrogen fertilizer.Then - go to phosphate and potash.In dry weather, chrysanthemums should be watered, the leaves from drying out.They can be transplanted at any time, just need to dig up a large lump of earth.
Perhaps the most common color in the fall on a bed - a aster.An abundance of colors is impressive, bloom long enough.
There are novobelgiyskie asters.They are tall with straight stem, branching much at the end.New England aster, on the contrary, grow a bush, and when the blossom looks beautiful bouquet.Many flower beds can be seen in the autumn asters melkotsvetkovye.Pale pink, white and light purple blossoms of asters not fade until the first frost.
Perennial asters are best propagated by dividing the bush.This should be done in the spring.For good growth and flowering asters need feeding and watering.
planting bulbous plants
special care not require bulbs autumn flower beds.Their names are on the ear, many gardeners: crocus, beautiful crocus, gladiolus, begonia, dahlia.
bulbous perennials main difference is that the bulbs are some of them after the first frost should be dug up and stored in a cool place.Planted in the ground they must be in early spring.These plants are begonias, gladioli and dahlias.
But crocus or kolhikum, planted in July and August, at a depth of about 10 centimeters, in a sunny place, however, fit and penumbra.It will bloom next fall.Just come and be with autumn crocuses.
Before planting any bulbs should carefully examine and select good, no damage, large bulbs.Then they have to be etched in any of the following solution: potassium permanganate or malathion.
need to fertilize the soil minerals.It is best to take superphosphate, potassium phosphate, and ammonium nitrate.Additionally humus.By planting bulbs in the spring, you can be quiet all season - behind them do not need any maintenance.
story about the plant autumn flower garden
We chose Dahlia.In the splendor of flowering and its duration dahlias, perhaps none.Bring them a large number of varieties that differ in color and shape of flowers and leaves, the height of the bushes.
Dahlias like sunny places that are protected from the wind, and the soil loose, fertile.
they should be planted when the land is already well warmed up (late May-early June).The pits for planting the tubers should be prepared in advance, they dug to a depth of bayonet spade.At the bottom of the pit poured rotted manure, superphosphate, complex fertilizer, ash and lime (the last handfuls).All mixed with sand.Tubers are planted at a depth of 10 cm (pre-divided into several large pieces), covered with soil and watered well.
Taking into account the fact that the stems of dahlias grow quite high, you should immediately set near the pit with stakes planted tubers, then to be able to tie the stems to them.
Care dahlias is infrequent watering and fertilizing.By the end of the summer and all fall these flowers will delight you lush flowering and bright colors.
Transplant autumn perennials
Perennials autumn flower beds must be repotted periodically, carry out the procedure division of the bushes.If they will grow strongly in the soil they will lack the nutrients and moisture, and light.
transplant perennials is best done in a quiet period of growth.First, preparing the place: dig up the ground and mixed with fertilizers.Then prepare the wells, which are watered with water.Before digging the plants must be watered with water, too.Shovel stuck in the ground carefully and at some distance from the stems, so as not to damage the roots.Get a plant with a lump of earth and immediately placed in the hole, if the separation is not required.Covered with earth, which is compacted.The plants are then watered.
When transplanting tall perennials in the hole immediately have to drive a peg to him to tie the plant stems grow back.
Pruning autumn colors
story about the plant autumn flower garden would not be complete if you do not think about the preparation of these plants for the winter and pruning.
Perennial flowering plants should be cut off for the winter.Because the old shoots in the spring will not interfere with the young.Trim the stems should not be dried to the ground and leaving some of them leaves for the accumulation of nutrients that will be needed in the next year.After trimming flower plants land near them and make the necessary proryhlit fertilizer in the form of humus or compost.
clipped on winter shrub and perennial flowers, such as roses.First remove damaged and immature shoots.We leave the pitch woody part of the stem.But the leaves and buds are removed from them, too, as well as vegetation from under the bushes.This is done to ensure that there is not divorced pests that may contribute to the development of diseases or the spread of infection.
But some autumn plants such as clematis, pruned in early spring.
Shelter colors for winter
Autumn flower garden: plant varieties and care.I think about all of this is already described.But there is talk about colors shelter for the winter.
after trimming the plants and cleaning of old leaves the ground around it is necessary zamulchirovat compost and cover with its spruce branches.By the way, the spring spruce branches should be removed immediately, so it does not interfere with the plant to produce shoots.
shelter for the winter demand rose, clematis, phlox, dianthus Chabot and some other colors.
For example, autumn crocus do not require shelter for the winter.Also hardy perennial asters, stonecrops, goldenrod.However, the beds where they grow, you can zamulchirovat used for this peat mixed with humus or compost.
Finally, some flowering plants, as mentioned above, the winter dug and stored in a cool place.After
safe wintering perennials Let the young shoots in the summer gain strength, and in the fall will again delight all their colorful paints.This is our story of what plants are blooming in the fall, is over.