diorama titled "Sapun Mountain Assault May 7, 1944"It is a branch of the National Museum of heroic defense and liberation of Sevastopol.It is located 12 km from the city center.
How does Diorama (Sevastopol)?How to get to her?
property is located on Sapun Mountain.To reach the monument from the bus can Malakhov.Opening hours: daily from 9:00 to 17:00, except Mondays.Cashier is open until 16:30.In the period from July to August, when thousands of tourists travel to Sevastopol, Diorama, a photo that is presented in the article, it is open every day from 9:00 to 17:30.Buy a ticket at the box office can be up to 17:00.
Events historical old
1941-1942 biennium.- The time when the heroic defense of Sevastopol took place.The city was liberated in May 1944 on Sapun Hill turned fierce battles.Until now, this place keeps the historical landscape of the events.Even today there are distinctly different traces of soldiers dug trenches and ditches, long-term defensive points, deep craters from bombs and shells, verdant green grass.On Sapun Hill found their refuge numerous memorials and monuments that are part of the memorial complex of national importance, dedicated to the events of the Great Patriotic.The first monuments in honor of the liberators of Sevastopol were installed here by military architects and builders in the spring of 1944 at the request of the veterans of the 15th anniversary of the liberation of the city from the Nazi invaders was created spectacular monument - a diorama.Defense of Sevastopol - an indicator of bravery and courage of the Soviet soldiers.The memory of it will remain in the country's history forever.
Creating a composition
responsible tasks for writing beautiful paintings won the Moscow Military Artists Studio.MBGrekov.Executive work began in 1958, the creative team PTMaltsev, in which also includes NSPrisekin and GIMarchenko.To create a realistic works of masters of fine art met with the participants of the battles on Mount Sapun, carefully studied the events of those times, made numerous sketches, drafts and sketches of the terrain.To create a shaped canvas the size of 5.5 x 25.2 m and front substantive plan a total area of 83 square meters.m. The artists took 7 months.
Diorama (Sevastopol) was inaugurated on November 4, 1959, she became the first composition of such a large size, on which ever worked Soviet masters of fine art.The authors sought to convey the maximum fullness of realism of the events described.To this end, human figures were painted in natural human growth, and the front Plan is made up of authentic equipment, uniforms, weapons, pieces of engineering structures, collected from the battlefield.On the canvas diorama depicts the exploits of real soldiers who took part in the defense of Sevastopol.To give them a portrait likeness, artists used in the documentary photographs.They also posed for sitters with a similar appearance, or even the characters themselves otgremevshego war.
Diorama (Sevastopol) located in the building at the top of the mountain-breather, right where it describes events taking place.From the balcony, located on the outside of the building, it offers visitors a view of the familiar terrain, captured by the artist on the canvas.On the ground floor, to explore the picturesque composition gaze of visitors, a unique museum exhibition titled "Sevastopol during the Great Patriotic War."
Next to the building you can see another important component of the memorial complex.Here visitors will see the opening of the exhibition of military equipment, participated in actual battles.Diorama (Sevastopol) is surrounded by tanks, naval and field artillery, anti-aircraft and self-propelled guns, as well as the famous Guards mortars "Katyusha".The dominant feature of the memorial complex "Sapun Mountain" is considered the Obelisk of Glory 28-meter high, at the foot of which since 1970 constantly eternal flame burns.
picture "Defense of Sevastopol"
In wartime and post-war period there have been many works in honor of the victory over fascism, to perpetuate the memory of the fallen soldiers.Diorama (Sevastopol) is one of the largest memorial dedicated to the events of 1941-1945.Many artists also depicted on his canvases fragments of that terrible war.
outstanding painter Alexander Deineka wrote: "Great art is born as a result of a large natural feeling, and it can be not only fun, but also angry."That such feelings - anger and deep hatred for the enemy - his paintings breathe "Defense of Sevastopol" and "On the outskirts of Moscow", written during the Second World War.It is the complete opposite of his earlier works, imbued with enthusiasm festive joy for the success of Soviet technological progress, believing in a healthy mind in a healthy body and a full sense of the world."Defense of Sevastopol" - famous work AADeineki written in Moscow, in 1942. Currently, the web is represented in the Russian Museum in St. Petersburg.
Based on historical data, it can be assumed that the picture A.Dejneka Sevastopol depicts events of autumn 1941, because it is in this year in the period from October 30 to November 21 the Nazis had carried out the first assault on the city.First, fighting raged on long approach routes to Sevastopol, and from November 2 attack began defensive fortress.And since the land forces in the city no longer exists, defense of Sevastopol took the Marines of the Black Sea Fleet, the individual units with fire support ships.The battle took part shore batteries.
During the Great Patriotic War the German army was undertaken three attempts to take Sebastopol.The final battle for the city ended July 9, 1942 Despite the fact that the picture depicted AADeineka is not really accurate, on the waterfront of Sevastopol deployed hundreds of such fights.The author manages to convey a soldier heroism on canvas depicting the great feat of the Marines, who have sacrificed their lives to protect the city.
creating web "Defense of Sevastopol", the artist tells the audience seemed sad and cruel story.In it, he describes the battle unfolded on the waterfront, where the Soviet seamen obscure outskirts of the city enemy unit.In the distance one can see the ruins of the houses once stood, around a blazing fire.In the foreground, the painting depicts a wounded sailor, throw a bunch of grenades.His face resolutely and fearlessly, hand extended sharply to the side, legs wide apart.Pose sailor represents all inaccessibility, dedication and a willingness to stop the enemy at any cost.To give a realistic picture, AADejneka central figure depicted a soldier with a shift to the left corner, thus leaving space for the flight grenades.By the greatness of man makes a last desperate throw, giving the whole composition vigor and drama.To send groznosti and pressure approaching enemy troops author uses a special technique - bladed bayonets sticking out of the rifles.
is no coincidence that the artist depicts a fascist lies at the feet of the soldier disproportionately small compared to the main character of the picture.Thus Dejneka shows weakness and helplessness in the face of an enemy of the Soviet army.The painting "Defense of Sevastopol" - is not just a play scene of military operations, and above all a symbolic image of the collision Soviet heroes in white robes, with a dark, almost faceless mass invaders.Cloth Deineki as the work of many other artists have immortalized the memory of the heroes of the Great Patriotic War, participated in fierce battles and gave their lives for the freedom of their country.