There are several different classifications of breeds of goats, but a single, comprehensive up to now not yet been invented.The most suitable one for farmers the basis of a type of animal productivity.
It divides all breeds of goats into three groups:
1. Dairy - such as toggenburgskaya, Saanen, Gorky, Rousseau, Mingrelian, and many others.
2. COAT - Soviet Wool, angora.
3. Down - Pridonskaya, Orenburg, Gorno-Altaisk, black feather, Bashkir and others.
Species pertaining to each of these groups, provide high levels of productivity in only one direction, and in the rest of the level is average or even low.But it is withdrawn and such breeds that can boast a combination of average 2-3 attributes - they are called combined.
To get a good economic effect of any breed of goats is necessary to provide the animals comfortable.The rooms in which you plan to support them, should be dry, bright and without drafts.In winter, the air temperature should not be below six degrees Celsius.If, however, with adult goats will contain even small goats, then the temperature should be kept at a level of not less than eight - ten degrees Celsius.But in the summer, when the goat in the room only spend the night there, on the contrary, it should be cool, not hot.Before the milk vetch is necessary to arrange a small fenced yard in which animals kept in the daytime, even in winter, when the weather is conducive to it.
windows in the room where the content of the goats needed, but they must be placed strictly on the south side, and the distance from the floor to the sill should provide at least 1.5 - 1.75 meters, so that animals could not break the glass.Sex should be vetch in a wooden, earthen or earthen, raised by at least 20 centimeters above the ground.And in order to dripping slime formed on each meter of the floor to do the slope of 2 centimeters.
If the farm contains several goats, it is recommended to divide the room into several stalls equipped with doors that animals could be there without a leash.The goat's nursery should be designed to accommodate the forage and silage feeders, roots and concentrates.Regardless of the breed goats for them along the walls need to be equipped with shelves width 50 - 60 cm at a height of 40 - 50 centimeters above the floor: animals love to climb on them at night and sleep there.Thanks to these regiments their wool is less polluted and rolls.
room should always be clean and dry;aerate it, make manure and bedding should be changed as often as possible.It is also important after a while whitewashing the walls kozljatnika mortar, for the preparation of which is necessary to take a bucket of water per 1 kg of quicklime.It is important not to allow the contents of females with a male as its smell is easily transmitted to goats and therefore their milk.Also, it is impossible that in the same room with goats live chickens: they can contaminate food and infect animal parasites, such as lice.
in winter in calm weather and freezing temperatures not lower than 12 degrees goats need to walk and feed in the courtyard, which is beneficial to their health and increases productivity.Wool, which is contaminated, you must shave, grow back hooves - crop, following certain rules.Short-haired breeds of goats need to be cleaned every day by using a stiff brush.
quite popular nowadays received zaanentalskaya or Saanen goats, which brought in Switzerland.These animals - with a broad forehead and face, thin ears, full neck, broad and voluminous breasts, well-developed, and a sloping croup, strong legs and strong hooves.They do not have horns.Saanen goats have short hair, a white suit, a goat it is longer, and the bottom of the neck is equipped with earrings.Height at the withers animal reaches 90 centimeters, weight males - 65 - 70 kg, females - 50 - 55 kilograms.