person in an emergency situation may behave rashly, that would eventually become a factor that will put his life at risk.
classification of extreme situations
different emergencies can be classified in several ways:
- terms of their importance.
- terms of danger or safety of a particular event.
- terms of subjectivity and objectivity, and so on often emit extreme situations.
What is the difference
Emergency - is a kind of situation that has arisen as a result of an accident in a certain area.This may be a natural phenomenon, a catastrophe or disaster.That is the phenomenon that may cause loss of human life or heavy damage to the health of a group of people.
extreme situation - a situation that goes beyond the ordinary.This phenomenon, which is associated with adverse or threatening factor for human life.Despite their similarities, the two are slightly different.An extreme situation is a direct human interaction with the environment, which takes place within a short period of time.Ultimately, this leads to the need for its adaptation to keep their lives.
If we talk about what is worse for human life, of course, examples of extreme situations represented not just extreme events, and particularly dangerous events, or even a number of threats to the life.
These natural phenomena are frequent in Russia.The greatest danger in an earthquake are collapses of buildings.In such a situation people find themselves under the ruined walls and concrete floors.Getting yourself is almost impossible, and even if such a possibility exists, any excess wrong move can lead to additional collapses, so it is best to stay put and wait for rescue.
Being in such a confined space, most people start to panic.It should be possible to try to cope with this condition, because in a situation like the air in your location will be very small.The more you get nervous, respectively, the more you breathe, and the faster will be transferred stocks of precious oxygen.That is why you should try to calmly assess the situation and determine what is best at the moment to do so.
emergencies or natural phenomena caused by human activities can lead to very dangerous consequences.For example, during an earthquake breaks wirings lead to fires.Of course, they can be caused by simple negligence and or drought.
During a fire, remember all the important security framework.If you are in the room, from which there is no way to go out, try to fill in all the cracks and doorways with a damp cloth in order to block the fire and smoke caustic way.Stay at the bottom, as that is where the air is most pure and acceptable for breathing.
frequent examples of extreme situations, when in case of panic during the fire people are just jumping out of windows, and most often are fatal, although in fact it turned out after inspection of premises that if victims were inside, chancesurvival would have been much higher.So starting to panic, not only can you take the wrong decision, but also lead yourself and others to the most tragic consequences.Survival in extreme situations require extreme tranquility.
is no doubt that any threat to human life or health compels him to act impulsively and to feel strong pressure.In fact, this is the most important threat.
During an emergency situation victims spend an enormous amount of their energy, and thus, all the resources in the body begin to dwindle rapidly.Vitality much faster leaving a man who gives in to panic, as well as his psychosis becomes contagious to others.Examples of extreme situations suggest that first of all it is important to try to keep balance and not to succumb to despair.
behavior of people in similar stressful situations is divided into two categories.
- Rational behavior.The most favorable condition adapted that allows a person to fully control not only themselves but also others.The faster the victim adapt to the situation, the sooner he will be able to find a way out of problems.
- negative.The most common model.It manifested in the irrational behavior that is dangerous not only for the individual but also for others.This "alarmist" may make the whole crowd, and even if the whole group has been quiet up to this, then under its influence all the hysteria podvegrayutsya.If you are close to someone who can not control their emotions, is in critical condition, try to calm him down.
Conclusion As you know, desperate situations do not happen, and the sooner you rationally evaluate their position, the faster you can do it with your inner stress.Numerous examples of extreme events clearly demonstrate that only peace of mind can be a decisive factor.