Ironically, in the modern Russian language there are many concepts of the word.Crest - a forelock or tuft of wool, feathers on the head, regardless of their location (front, rear, side).According to Ukrainian construction of these things called "Oseledets."That's what a crest in the general sense!Truly precision and accuracy of names sometimes dazzling.
meaning of the word "crest"
It is also the case with pigeon, chicken.By the way, the name of the folksy chicken - Corydalis.In Nizhny Novgorod, until recently, the crest - a small ruff (fish such).In Kostroma hohlushka (not to be confused with his wife crest) - generally cover up anything, probably because of the handle.In the Arkhangelsk region Hohlakov or hohlushey week named as the unborn seal his funny tuft on benevolent;there hohlushka - a small loon.As you can see, all these names are directly related to the forelock, whipped hair or feathers on the head.
More Crest - it is a village in the Voronezh region.And the river bears the same name.
facetious name of the people
Another meaning of "Little Russian" - the nickname of Ukrainians, previously derogatory or insulting, now more playful.According to the dictionary Ozhegova who the Ukrainians?These are the same Ukrainians.Dahl in his dictionary defines the value for the term "Ukrainian" as "a Ukrainian Little Russian."Here are some examples of his explanatory dictionary "Raven Crest dumber, but more cunning devil";"Crest does not lie, but will not tell the truth."On the one hand, it is possible to take such statements as a humiliation or insult an entire nation.On the other - the modern Ukrainian, probably just laugh, and even all proud these allegories.
However, in the past, and now related to the word "crest" is ambiguous.Western Ukrainians are perceived and perceive it as a terrible insult to the nickname.In eastern Ukraine to the "Khokhlov" are more humorous than resentment.A working abroad, particularly in Russia, the citizens of the south-east of Ukraine, denoting the word itself, and even proudly raise their heads.
reason for this relationship, such a reaction is rooted in the XIX century, when rapidly to develop Siberia and the large population flows precisely from the Ukraine (the inhabitants of the western regions, and whereas Galicia, t. E. Galicians, to participate in this historic eventnot taken) migrated to the new harsh, but free and vast land.Of course, not only these.Next settled Russian, Belarusian, Chuvash, Tatars, and so Mordvinians. D. The diversity of nationalities has given rise to the need for self-determination, in order not to lose their identity.And the word "crest" for Ukrainians in these circumstances was self-designation.Note, they identified themselves and so did not see anything wrong and even more offensive.Incidentally, with regard to Russian settlers, then "Katsap" or "Muscovite" too, no one was offended.
Where did the concept of "Little Russian"?There are a few versions.Popular and plausible is the one on which tufts of Ukrainians began to call for Chub, "Oseledets" on the shaved head.There is such a legend.Like, once Peter the Cossacks invited to St. Petersburg.Recently his extravagant views fired at the locals, especially the ladies, stunning impression.Zaporozhets nicknamed "crested people" (of course, because of what), which over time by simplifying became "Ukrainians."
There are other, less popular views on this issue.For example, some ethnographers are parallel with the Mongolian word "hal-go", which means "blue-yellow".It was the color of the flag of Galicia-Volyn principality, stopped the Mongol tumens.However, Galicia, either then or later in the Ukraine had no relation.No, there were, of course, common roots, but the villain-long history spread in different directions.There are other, even more ridiculous, version.For example, in Turkic crest - "son of heaven", "heavenly".
are also those who argue that the fashion for "Oseledets" brought to Russia by the Mongols.Let's start with the fact that the fashion for shaved head and forelock on it existed in ancient times, many peoples of the world - Normans, Turks, Mongols, including the Chinese, and so on. D., And dictated it was only the rules of hygiene, so that during a long hikewhen you can not take care of the hair, they would not start parasites.Chubchik same - and stylish, and practical: can be different decorations in a braid, which often did.
Now Mongolian influence.With "Oseledets" ancestors of the Ukrainians met in the IX century, when Prince Oleg brought with him to Kiev Vikings squad.The Mongol invasion of the same happened, as we know, in the middle of the XIII century.Yes, before they were Pechenegs, too shaven and with strands of hair on top.And yet it happened much earlier.In Vikings' Oseledets "I was considered a sign of high class and so was the estate known or honored warriors.This principle has taken over and Kievan Rus.Only highborn or experienced, distinguished combatants were entitled Shaved head, leaving a long strand of hair.Lost her battle was considered a disgrace.
Who are the Ukrainians
where the views of researchers also differ.Some point to the Turkic origin, citing as an example and look (trousers, wide belt, his cap, earring, "Oseledets"), and the dispensation of the army ("Cossack" - a word of Turkic origin), and keep the family name (Kuchma, for example,is translated as "the high peaked cap"), and the realities of everyday life (hut, fence, Plahtiy, namysto).More preferably added black hair and brown eyes.But in another way, and it could not be.Long proximity to the nomads could not leave their mark on the nation.Near Kiev, for example, still has a village Pechenegi.Nevertheless, based on the same Zaporizhia Army, whose representatives have called for the first time and Khokhlov, were former brodniki - runaway peasants, criminals, adventurers from all over the Kievan Rus.Gentiles in the numbers taken, but were forced to be baptized.So hair color - it is not an indicator.A Little Russians, Ukrainians, in spite of all the trials of history preserved their identity - in the dances, songs, lifestyle, outlook and language.
Currently, the word "crest" and "hohlushka" mostly jokingly used colloquially.