Twelfth President of Italy

first time in the 67-year history of the Italian Republic is in the position of head of state again took the presidency.Giorgio Napolitano, the popular national policy level, not just to bring the country out of the political impasse had to settle for a second presidential term, completion of which he turns 94 years old.On the twentieth day of April 2013 it is the 12th president of the country.MPs, suddenly entrusted with the responsibility for the state on the shoulders of a mature Napolitano, did not violate a single article of the Constitution which clearly indicated, should be elected as the president of Italy.By the way, in the Basic Law of the country there is no article that determines how many times the same citizen can be elected to the post of head of state.

Italian Constitution requires the following candidates for the post of head of state:

  • citizenship of the Republic of Italy,
  • age of 50 years,
  • possession of civil and political rights.

7 years - the term for which elected President of Italy.In the secret ballot, electors participate: MPs, senators and delegates appointed by regional councils all over the country.To win the first three rounds of voting, a candidate for the presidency must score more than 2/3 of votes at the meeting of 4 and subsequent rounds to elect the presidency of Italy is sufficient to obtain a majority of votes.Giorgio Napolitano after 6 rounds became the first in the history of the Italian re-elected president.

ceremony for swearing in a specially convened joint session of the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate of the Italian Republic.The law forbids to combine the presidency with any other office.Italian president heads the government, is the national unity and the guarantor of the constitution.

Under the constitution the head of state functions assigned commander of the armed forces, the chairman of the Supreme Defence Council and the Supreme Council of Magistracy.Italian President appoints the referendum and parliamentary elections;ratifies international agreements;enjoys the right of pardon.They are appointed and dismissed by the Prime Minister of Italy.The Head of State on the proposal of the Prime Minister appoints the ministers.The constitutional provisions provide two prerogatives of the president in relation to the parliament, he has the right to dissolve one or both of the Houses of Parliament and the right to request reconsideration of bills.However, suspensive veto of the head of state in parliament can be overridden by a simple majority.A separate article of the Italian Constitution exempts the President from liability for the actions he performs while on the job.Responsibilities President occur only in case of betrayal interests of the state or the encroachment on the Constitution.The official residence of the President - Quirinale Palace - located in Rome.

Recent events associated with the re-election for a second term Napolitano, according to the increased influence of the President on the activities of a parliamentary republic.Will its role limited to formal functions "guardian of constitutional values", time will tell.