writers and scientists, the rebels and the kings, generals and planners - famous people of France have done much for the development of not only their country but also around the world.We all know who this Jules Verne, Jacques Cousteau, Alexandre Dumas ... we add to the list the names of several important figures that are worthy of no less admiration.
Honore de Balzac
This famous French writer was born in May 1799 in Tours.The particle "de" to his name added Balzac himself, as claimed noble lineage (although his parents were peasants).Honore was in Vendome College from 1806 to 1813, and completed his education in Paris and Tours.At first, the young man worked in the judicial office, but the office of the clerk did not satisfy him.Since 1819, he decided to go into free-swimming and began to work.At first, he produced novels clearly business plan (under a pseudonym).A significant role in the life of Balzac played his connection with Madame de Berny - attractive woman of forty-five years.These feelings
first creation, Balzac released under his own name - the novel "The Last Shuang" (1829).Then we are talking about Honore.The writer tried to show the public side of his country.In addition, it is distinguished by the desire to make a diagnosis of society and to offer an effective medicine for the treatment of all its ills.This objective runs through all the works of the master, occupies a central place in the "Philosophical sketches."It is noteworthy that a writer interested in the rich and famous Frenchmen, not working people.Balzac even proud of how well he knows the highest light.
Many famous people glorified the French country on the world cinema scene.However, the brightest star in the field, most recognize Jean-Paul Belmondo.He was born in Paris in 1933, his father was a famous sculptor.The young man went to learn all the nuances of acting in the Conservatory of Dramatic Art, but was dissatisfied with the time spent in the school.The problem was in the education system, which Jean-Paul considered simply outdated.
first Belmondo participated in theatrical entreprise.He first appeared on screen in the film "On Moliere and his plays," but this is considered to be the debut of the actor's film "Sunday.We will steal ".The painting came to the big screen in 1957.During this period Belmondo actively offered work not only at home but also abroad, particularly in the US and Italy.
Zenit fame actor came in 1970.Thanks to an extraordinary gift of reincarnation Jean-Paul starred in such films as "Magnificent" (1973) and "The Beast" (1976).The most significant works of the eighties - "Marginal" (1983).As a born actor, Belmondo enjoys entertain the audience and demonstrate their athletic ability, but no less pleasure it brings intellectual cinema.
Many famous people of France began to build his career is not on the field, on which they would like to.And Jules Verne, who studied law, ventured off the beaten track, to do what he likes.In 1850, the young writer began to take the first steps to fame: his play "Broken straws", set in the "Historical theater" by Alexandre Dumas, was accepted by the audience very favorably.The success of the novel "Five Weeks in a Balloon" (series "Extraordinary Voyages") inspired Verne to continue working in a similar vein.The writer liked to describe all the scientific wonders, born in his imagination.
Jules Verne is the author of more than seventy novels.That he owned, at first seemed incredible, predictions about creating scuba submarine television on flights into space.
Charles de Gaulle
What famous people of France have influenced the development of the state?Of course, politicians.One of the most successful - Charles de Gaulle - the first president and founder of the Fifth Republic.During his reign (1959-1969) adopted a new Constitution, and greatly expanded the powers of the head of state.He was seriously engaged in the implementation of plans to create its own nuclear weapons countries, developing Soviet-French cooperation and initiated out of NATO.
As noted by de Gaulle himself, on the formation of his world view was strongly influenced by the views of such prominent personalities as Charles Peguy (poet, essayist), Maurice Barres (writer), Emile Boutroux and Henri Bergson (Philosophy).
During World de Gaulle's life changed radically.First he canceled the peace treaty with Nazi Germany and went to England to organize the struggle for the liberation of their country.In exile, he founded the association "Free France" and urged compatriots not to give up in the struggle for independence from the aggressor.
The jurisdiction of the foreign policy of Charles de Gaulle stuck to the idea of national greatness of the state.As for domestic policy, it has received far less attention.
Alexandre Dumas Sr.
Many great men of France were known far outside the country.The same can be said of the brilliant writer Alexander Dumas.His adventure novels devoured the entire world.In addition, he was a journalist and playwright.Childhood, adolescence and youth Dumas held in Villers-Cotterets.Thanks to the good reputation and aristocratic connections Alexander's parents managed to get a position in the Office of Paris when the Duke of Orleans.The first historical-journalistic essay was the work called "Gaul and France" (the year of writing - 1833).
Alexandre Dumas Jr.
This person has a special place in the list of "Outstanding people of France."The illegitimate son of Alexandre Dumas Sr. became famous playwright.His mother was a seamstress.Although thanks to the support of his father the boy did not feel the need, his childhood was permeated by a sense of inferiority.After a personal experience reflected in several of his works.Wordsmiths managed to make French drama powerful tool of influence on society.He did not hesitate to express their views declaratively in long prefaces to his own plays, speaking moral arbiter.
One of the most popular works of Dumas - "Money Talks."In it, he makes fun of unscrupulous nouveaux riches.The author highlights the painful topic of illegitimate children in the play called "illegitimate son" and the drama "The prodigal father."In "Claude Wife" Dumas even able to justify the moral right of the husband to kill an unfaithful wife.
Joan of Arc
Some people glorified France, not even afraid to die for their ideas.The infamous innocent victim of political controversy and became famous Maid of Orleans.A girl from a poor family of peasants became the leader of his countrymen against the British invaders.In 1429 she managed to free from the siege of Orleans.In May 1430, she was captured by enemies.
Ninth in January 1431 she was forced to appear before the court of the Inquisition.Accused of heresy and witchcraft, Joan was condemned to be burned alive.In May 1920, through the efforts of the Catholic Church of the Maid of Orleans was canonised.
It is the most famous Frenchman, who investigated the oceans.In addition, Cousteau was a talented photographer, writer, inventor and director.
By working together with Emile Gagnan, Jacques-Yves managed to realize the idea of the device that allows for a long time under water - diving.
Cousteau's father studied law in the French capital.At one time he was the youngest doctor of law in the country.His wife was Elizabeth Dyuranton.Shortly after their marriage they had a son.The boy called Pierre-Antoine.His brother - Jacques-Yves - was born four years later.Future researchers interested in the ocean depths, from early childhood.Cousteau life cut short because of myocardial infarction.Jacques-Yves prefers to call himself an oceanographic technician.In recent years, researchers have been overshadowed by a legal battle with his son for the right to use the names Cousteau, at that time already a brand.
listed above, not all well-known French.A huge contribution to the development of the country have, and geniuses in their field, Pierre Curie, Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, Gilbert Lafayette, Claude Lelouch, Henri Matisse, Moliere, Claude Monet, Guy de Maupassant, Andre Maurois, Marguerite of Navarre, Louis Pasteur and others.