proposal - the basic unit of speech and writing, which serves to transmit any information, messages, etc.Construct sentences in their specific laws and regulations;not just a set of words can be called a proposal.It is characterized by grammatical and semantic unity of its parts, as well as a special intonation completeness statements.For many researchers, linguists and called the proposal "a complete sentence," "a complete thought."
main feature of the proposal is the presence in it of the grammatical bases - without it there is no proposal.By the number of grammatical basics of the Russian language stand out simple and complex sentences.In a simple - one such base, in a complex - two or more: red sun began to shine in the sky again.The clouds finally dissipated and the sun shone in triumph and joy washed over pure land.
Grammatical basis of a simple sentence can be complete, composed of subject and predicate (then it will be a two-part proposal), but can - incomplete, contain only one of the main members.
in a complex sentence all its parts are linked to meaningful and semantically, and by intonation.Their structure is as simple and offers.
Compound sentences are allied conjunctionless and - depending on the manner in which grammatical relationships are expressed between the parts of what means of communication used.The complex offers conjunctionless parts are connected through intonation.These syntax observed grammatical independence, but rather a close semantic The correlation.Unions and allied words in such sentences are not used: Old wood noisy and muffled moaning all night more densely impenetrable darkness enveloped him, the sky seemed to have forgotten all about the glitter of the stars and the moonlight.
Allied proposals are divided into slozhnosochinennye and slozhnopodchinёnnye.Compound sentence is characterized by the fact that all its parts are equal in meaning.Between them there is no semantic dependency sense of inequality.Simple sentences in its structure are connected through a single and complex coordinative conjunctions: Brother've been waiting for, and Natasha could not pack up and leave the house.Happy in his father's jacket I was too hot, but by the evening drew damp and cold, and I did not chilled!I shivered in the morning then, in the heat of the cast, then again in shaking chills.
By type of alliances and compound sentences are divided into several types:
- compound sentences with conjunctions connecting values (and, yes = AND OR NOT ... AS WELL ... - repetitive, etc.).These associations suggest that the phenomena, events that in the proposal is said to occur either once, at one time or succession, one after the other: spit tired of waiting for their portion of food, and it strongly barked.Vanya from the sixth entrance was careless idler and chronic Losers and his friend from a neighboring house Igorёsha never shone in the classroom and in the call to the board to start something exculpatory mumble loudly sniff.
- compound sentences with values and divider union, or, or ... whether, or others. For suggestions of this type are characterized by relationships exclusion or alternation: Mom listened to me, listened, and suddenly said loudly: "Or Will you take overmind and you start to learn how to, or the father of today flog you! ".
- compound sentence with the values of the opposition (adversative) and unions ZATO YES (= NO), whereas, WHILE, etc.The content of simple sentences in such a complex can be compared or contrasted: Most of the money earned Marichka spent on clothes, movies and ice cream, while the Natalka every penny carefully set aside each month by increasing their savings.
- By slozhnosochinennogo apply deals with connecting unions ALSO, AS, and, others. Semantic relationships they indicate either added information contained in one of the simple sentences in a complex, or on The correlation of content between all parts of the sentence: On vacation I had planned to go to the Caucasus: there was too good nature, and sidekick this year already offered svidetsya, to visit him in the mountain village.
- slozhnosochinennogo are and proposals with the unions namely IE expressing the value of explanations and wearing book character: The school boys not only taught the usual school subjects, but attracted to sports, planted increased interest in physical education, and that is what is importantfor future gymnasts.
In slozhnopodchinitelnyh designs semantic equality between the parts of the sentence is missing.Unions complex sentences express different shades of meaning and are always in a subordinate part.