In the Russian language there are words that have the root morpheme near combines several consonants.In the verbal conversation one of these letters fall, is not pronounced.For example, a well-known (the sound of "t"), peers (the sound of "t"), joy (the sound of "t"), the heart (the sound of "d"), etc.
philologists believe that the sound of "t" is an absolute champion in its unpronounceable.Words with this letter, which can not be heard during a conversation, a great many, and most of them can be checked.
unpronounceable consonants, who lost in certain combinations of sound values, in the Russian language are common, although this term is suspended.Any linguist says that the letters are not pronounced at all, and these sounds do not exist.
addition of the letter "T" there are other unpronounceable consonants: it is the sound of "e", "c", "l".
Spelling Russian language, taking into account their specific characteristics, determines the rules for spelling of sounds, based on the action of morphological principles.
But how to spell the word, which is not one of the sounds you hear, it is not known whether he has or not at all?
Russian Grammar implies a rule that specifies the spelling of consonants.
To find out, whether written unpronounceable consonants in the root, you need to change the word or pick cognate to it, but to verify the letter is facing vowels.
example, Gazette - news, neighborhood - a crossroads, whistle - whistle, whistle, honest - with honor, furious - fury, etc.
As you can see, before this unpronounceable consonant vowel in the root is clearly heard: the sun - solar, sad - sad.
exception to this rule are: to shine, though checked - shine splash - splash of ladder - ladder.These words should be easy to remember, as they have undergone certain historic change.
It should also distinguish between words such unpronounceable consonants that do not exist, they are not.For example: a vowel, tasty, clever, dangerous, tap, contemporary, awesome, literature, honored to participate, dishes, march, etc.
In oral conversation there are words that are derived from different root bases, but coincide in their sound.With their spelling when unpronounceable consonants can not be heard, but it is not known whether there are any, you need to consider the context or phrase.For example, a constant (constant value) and a statement (statement of fact), skilled (expertly prepared) - artificial (unnatural), touch (backward) - bone (from the word "bone"), stride (proudly walk) - patronize (patronage).
unequal written and the words that are similar in sound, for example, feel (feel) - to participate (be in the common cause), Excavator (excavation equipment) - the escalator (moving staircase), pudding (gourmet food) - a distinct (clear), the same age (same age) - the same age (from the vanished ancient Russian word "svrstny").
rich in every sense of the Russian language and is filled with words, which combine not two, but a few consonants, one of which is not pronounced, and, therefore, can not be heard.These are the "sly" combination of letters, as "STN", "lnts", "zdn", "CSA", "ACC", "NDSK", "NTM" in such words as brave, sun, late, hello, heart, Dutch, amateurish.
Anyone who wants to write correctly in Russian, you need to know: There are three special words - a ladder, and a sense of celebration, to which it is impossible to find a verification related word.
letter "T" in the stairs, "d" in the celebration, and "c" in the sense simply to remember forever.Kids at school instructors usually offer the following tips for easy memorization:
- Stairs obtained from the stairs, stairs, stairs;
- Holidays - this is a day of joy and gifts;
- the feeling of living in us, in our heart.