Local government was formed as Russia due to domestic experience, and under the influence of international standards.A significant role in this process was played by European Charter of Local Self-Government.The document was adopted in the form of a convention in 1985 and a few months later was opened for signature.In subsequent years, his position was supported by the majority of States that are members of the Council of Europe.Russia European Charter was signed in 1996. Thus, at the moment the local government in our country is based on the legal basis of the document title.
This Charter commits each of the parties respect the legal norms that guarantee the administrative, financial and political independence of local authorities.European Charter of Local Self-Government, like most such documents, begins with a preamble, and consists of 3 parts.
Preamble defines the objectives of the Council of Europe and states that the local government - is an essential foundation of a democratic system.As with the European Social Charter, the document stresses the importance of civil rights.1-hand side explains the essence of the democratic concept of local self-government defines the scope of its competence, methods of legal protection, sources of funding and mechanisms to monitor its activities.In particular, according to her, the essence of the local government - the ability and the right of people to manage public affairs within the law.The first part of the Charter also notes that real self-government is impossible without free elections.
In the 2-swarm of the indicated amount of liabilities, which the participants assume.In the third part of the European Charter of Local Self-Government contains provisions which explain features of ratification, signature and entry into force of the said document.
European Charter of Local Self-Government is the first multilateral legal instrument defining and defending the principles of local autonomy.It is based on the principle of subsidiarity.According to him, the issues are solved at the lower levels of government should not be passed up.The intervention of the central government is necessary only in exceptional cases.In this regard, most of the state powers should rest with the authorities, in close proximity to the citizens.Despite the fact that the legal provisions of the Charter are primarily advisory in nature, their implementation is necessary to accede to this agreement, any country.This describes the document sets some obligations.Thus, domestic legislation must recognize the principle of local self-government.It is also worth mentioning that the state is an active member of the Council of Europe, should guide the Secretary-General said the body of the legislative provisions adopted to comply with their charter.