Code of Bushido - the way of life and the honor of the samurai.

Bushido Code is a set of rules of life, which had to ensure adherence to the true path of the best members of society, keepers of honor and dignity.He has more than a thousand years, but not lost its value today.

contemporary and modern code of Bushido

Philosophy East attracts progressive part of our society is not accidental.In an age of prosperity unscrupulousness and selfishness, the market economy and competition, there is a longing for inner peace of mind, the desire to find a foothold in life through solid, correct principles that will help not only the individual, but the entire society.In this regard, the Code of Bushido is the most interesting.Despite the fact that it was created in the period of feudalism, and meet the needs of the historical period of Japan, its relevance is unquestionable today in Japan with its information technology and progress.Of course, not all the provisions are accepted by contemporaries, but the main point is the defining feature of their society.

Philosophical Foundations

traditional medieval society in Japan was strictly structured.Each class had certain rights and obligations laid down by tradition and formed government.There are four categories of the population.Farmers, traders, artisans and military aristocracy.It is for the past and create a code of Bushido.Way of the Samurai (Japanese warrior) defined moral ethical categories, which would provide support to the shogun, mister.Existing vassal relationship determined by the presence of entire clans.At its head was a house master, he took the oath of allegiance to a small feudal lords who received land from the owner of the estate, and for that served him faithfully until his death.Code of Bushido was based on the concept of debt as the defining category of Eastern philosophy in general, and in particular of Confucianism, Buddhism and Shintoism.Attitude to death and life was influenced by the ideas of reincarnation and karma, devotion to duty and honor - with the direct support to the category of the Confucian "noble man", respect for ancestors and the Emperor - based on the traditions of Shintoism.

training of body and spirit

Western society surprisingly pragmatic.The desire for comfort and getting rid of unnecessary suffering makes coming up with new technical discoveries, drugs, but did not give the man any peace or confidence in the future.Code of the Samurai Bushido proclaims the unity of the three components that allow to live and die with honor.Their acquisition requires intensive work on oneself, which itself rejects the idea of ​​comfort and ease.For a warrior important body workout.He has to be strong, resilient, flexible, hardened, that will give him advantages in battle.But all this means little without technology.It was she, like a master carpenter from planed clubs creates a thin product.Technique will always be able to resist the force alone.But the most important element is the spirit.It defines an inner spiritual strength of a true warrior, brave hero.He is not afraid of death, and therefore, is not limited in his bravery and honor.

noble man

Code of Bushido, of course, proclaimed allegiance relations as the main virtue.But it should be noted that the emphasis in the past, but even more so now, are arranged a little differently.The main quality was a true warrior nobility, which was seen to follow the voice of conscience and of truth, justice.If the order of the samurai lord demanded to renounce the truth, to do against internal understandings of virtue, his duty was to dissuade the lord of the shameful act.If he does not succeed, a true warrior could not afford to tarnish their honor unrighteous thing.But to break the oath of allegiance as not befitting a noble man.The only way out was getting a ceremonial ritual suicide, which is allowed to leave this world with dignity.Thus, the samurai code of honor - Bushido - required to follow justice and defend it at the cost of life itself.

attitude toward death

central theme of the world of the Japanese gentleman was the attitude to life and death.It is based on the recognition of the inevitability of death eastern philosophy and adopt it as a step to a new qualitative shift in the cycle of continuous rebirth.Code of the Samurai Bushido prescribed spiritual and physical practices aimed at the daily thoughts of imminent death.On the one hand, it was to get rid of the fear of death, on the other - forced to appreciate the time allotted to each.Every idleness and intemperance condemned and seen in the context of the time of the human being as stupid, which is sure to backfire in the future.We must leave this world with dignity, as well as to live without fuss, deliberately, clearly.The lack of fear of death does not mean that it does not seek and appreciate life, just the opposite.But since Kohl destined to die, the true warrior is done correctly.The Europeans, who happened to witness the ritual seppuku, were hit in cold blood and courage of the Japanese.This is the result of daily practice and a special philosophy, which educate a child of this man.The only way to wash away the shame - to get a ceremonial knife and stain his own blood.

four commandments of the Samurai Bushido code

- it is life itself, so a true warrior knows what he should do in certain situations.Yet in all the teachings are several basic precepts warrior.First and foremost in the social purpose it is faithful to his master.This motif of the life and deeds.Never self-interest should not be above the interests of Mr.The purpose of life - to be beneficial to the host.The second postulate - perfection.On the way of the samurai each should strive to excel, which is righteous deeds, honor and nobility.Next - it is relevant to parents.Filial duty is sacred, it includes not only the usual care of our parents, and upholding family honor.Every action can bring glory or infamy throughout the house.Be a worthy son of his parents - the strongest motive to improve ourselves and the right choices in life.And another great commandment is a call to be compassionate and to help people.These basic principles define the way of the warrior in Japan.They are still quite relevant in this country.


Written set of laws as such does not have a code of Bushido.Quotes that hit the Internet, do not always have to do with the ancient reality.Many of them are modern adaptations of Eastern proverbs and wisdom in general and Buddhist canons in particular.In ancient Japan, all these moral rules exist a priori, to reproduce society.Eastern philosophers believed that by writing thoughts, we close them in the prison of words and they lose their validity and vitality.The main thing - not the words, but the meaning, time and place of the ideas expressed, visible example.Everything flows, everything movable, an attempt to make the dynamics of static defective for the main.But if you still have a desire to read the code of Bushido, the most useful and truthful reflection of the teachings can be found in the book "Collection of sayings master Hagakure".It is a collection of sayings of the Samurai hermit, who recorded his disciple in the early eighteenth century.By the way, Hakagure ordered him to burn the records, but he disobeyed the teacher, and then began to distribute copies of the last book.Here is the code of honor.One way or another, but because of that we have a written source philosophy of Bushido.Also of particular interest are the instructions for the young samurai, authored by Daydodzi Yudzan.His works are created in the same period, ie at the beginning of the XVIII century.

Hidden in the foliage

Eleven of the book is a collection of sayings Hagakure - "Hidden in the trees."Its name is very symbolic, because the truth is not paraded, and hides.Conversations say about the value of duty, conscience, responsibility and fairness.The life of a samurai - a preparation for a worthy death, which only have feigned sincerity in our world.The author clearly distinguishes between the valiant and faithful service to the owner and servility, servility.Samurai-waiter - is the one who lost his conscience and honor.Vassal relations should be filled with the dignity of either side.All life is built in the relationship, so the warrior showing kindness to others, especially to children and the wife, appreciating her loyalty and devotion to her husband as well as Mr. appreciates him.Way of the Samurai - the line, there is no room for even small lies, laziness, cowardice and betrayal.Willingness to take a quick decision is more valuable than having second thoughts and philosophizing, which inevitably will lead on the correct choice.

Some conclusions

So Bushido - is not only a martial art, but also a moral way of the warrior, which he must prepare for the inevitable death and to accept it with honor.It should be noted maximalist nature of the Eastern teachings.But maybe it's just the same thing that you need in this age of general relativity and unscrupulousness.Way of the Samurai requires renunciation of selfishness and continuous work on himself, giving up the search benefits embodied in themselves matters of principles of good and justice.