When passenger and freight traffic by rail reached its popularity, it became clear that the need to ensure the safety of the rolling stock throughout its route.Since initially the first trains run on coal and waste slag ejected from the hills on the way, this created a threat of fires in the surrounding areas.That is why in 1921 the government decree created a train fire that used steam pumps and additional hardware.
But progress does not stand still, and thus to the development of the industry began to produce better fire trains, using modern pumping stations fire fighting .From the sphere of use they are divided into categories:
• firefighters train the first category - the high-tech formulations for special purposes.They are able to eliminate leaks of flammable liquid, carry out pumping igniting the liquid to carry out any work on fire-fighting and eliminate the consequences resulting from an accident.
• second category - less technological, but quite constructive for the tasks and the elimination of accidents occurring in a fire.
Each train, depending on the category, includes the following components:
• Train 1 has a special category.the car that houses the personnel, fire fighting pump stations, auxiliary power plants, special equipment, and the necessary equipment.As well as three or four tanks with water to a total volume of 140 tons and foaming capacity 6 tons.
• Train category 2 addition to the above configuration has the additional inclusion.They are completely sealed tank, which is designed to pump flammable liquid when it leaks from damaged tanks or other volumes.
Also specially equipped covered wagon, which contains additional technical means and materials to ensure smooth operation of all equipment located.
Recently, fire trains are equipped with a satellite navigation system "GLONASS", as well as the latest means of communication.This allows for control in real time the movement of trains firefighters to the scene of emergencies.
worth noting that FGP VO ZHDT constantly set of measures to improve the technical capacity of these trains.Constantly upgraded pumping stations fire fighting , which allow to increase the volume of outgoing liquid and increase the maximum distance firefighting.According to the director of FGP VO ZHDT V.P.Aksyutin that over the past five years, the technical equipment of all units brought to the established norms and is kept at the proper level.
to improve the professionalism of officers constantly carry out routine exercises as close to a real fire.This allows you to always keep highly qualified staff.
In connection with the onset of summer decided to introduce into service an additional 20 tanks.They entered the fire brigade May 15, 2012, and will be in service until 16 September 2012.It is believed by JSC "Russian Railways" it will cover a large area to extinguish any fires.
According to the director of FGP VO ZHDT Russia, last month alone fire departments were involved in putting out 3 times.Due to the high professionalism of all fires were successfully extinguished quickly and did not cause much damage.