Far Eastern economic region: characteristics and features

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Far Eastern Economic Region is the largest territorial unit of Russia, which occupies an area of ‚Äč‚Äčover six million square kilometers with a population of more than 7 million. People.It includes Chukchi and Koryak Autonomous District, Primorsky and Khabarovsk, Magadan, Sakhalin, Amur, Kamchatka Oblast and the Republic of Sakha.

Far Eastern economic region - a third of the Russian Federation, where poorly developed, remoteness from industrial centers.The border area is located adjacent to China and North Korea, as well as by sea to the United States and Japan.

long distances, harsh climate, permafrost hampers economic development of the area.A considerable distance and insufficiently developed system of transport communications make expensive delivery and removal of goods in other industrial regions of Russia, which has a negative impact on the economy.However seaside location makes it economically advantageous trade with the Asia-Pacific zone.

Natural resources are of exceptional diversity, which is connected to a huge area.From south to north there is a change of climatic zones: forest, forest-tundra and arctic tundra to desert.Mineral resources are represented by deposits of coal, natural gas, iron ore, oil reserves of rare and precious metals, gold and diamonds.

population is extremely uneven distribution associated with harsh natural conditions, weak development of the transport system, away from the center.The greatest density are southern territories - up to 14 people per square kilometer.square (Sakhalin, Amur, south of Khabarovsk Krai), the average density is 1.20 people per sq.km.

the national composition of the population sufficiently uniform.Far Eastern economic region is inhabited for the most part Russian, except for indigenous nationalities are represented: the Chukchi, Eskimos, Itelmen, Koryak, Nanai, Aleuts, Evenks, Yakuts, Udege and others.Indigenous peoples still preserve the traditional way of life and are engaged in reindeer herding, fishing and hunting.The coefficient of urbanization of the region is 76 percent.

Economy regions of Russia are represented by different specializations.In the Far East are the main processing and production of non-ferrous metals, diamonds, timber, fish, paper and pulp industry, ship repair and shipbuilding.The metallurgical complex is based on the extraction and processing of mercury, tin, tungsten, polymetallic ores, arsenic.Rapidly developing diamond industry, which is located in Yakutia.Gold also has a weight - the oldest branch of the district's economy.In Komsomolsk-on-Amur enacted steel mill.

In the southern part of the region has evolved wood and forestry.It produces pulp, paper, lumber and fiberboard.The main centers of wood are in Birobidzhan, Khabarovsk, Blagoveshchensk and Vladivostok.

Far Eastern Economic Region has a diverse structure of Engineering, the leading role which belongs to the ship repair and the production of equipment for power generation.In addition, the region produces marine equipment, machine tools, machinery, diesel engines and cranes.

Far East leads the fish catch.Here is a producer of salmon, crab, saury and other fish species.Agriculture is engaged in the production of soybeans, corn and rice cultivation.In southern growing cattle in the north - deer.However, the need in the meat area is not covered by their own.

Despite the oil, gas and coal, the area due to the imperfect structure of TEB lacks electricity.Because the main focus for economic development should be the improvement of the structure of gas and oil supply.