Otitis externa is an infectious and noninfectious.Depending on the duration of different chronic and acute otitis externa.Also localization it is divided into limited and diffuse.
to the occasion of external otitis media is a bacterial or fungal infection.For his development of appropriate conditions are created due to reduced or increased amount of earwax.The lack of sulfur makes it impossible to provide the necessary level of protection, while it maintains a surplus in the ear dust and moisture.One of the most favorable factors of infection is the prolonged stay of water in the ear canal, wet or hot weather.Most often, otitis externa develop non-compliance with the rules of hygiene - careless use of the ear or ear cleaning sticks with sharp objects.
emergence of a limited otitis externa due to the appearance of the inflamed hair follicle, or boil, the localization of which may be outside or inside the ear canal.Restricted otitis externa causes pain in the ear, worse chewing, touching the ear.Once the abscess is ripe, and break through the pain diminish.Typically, hearing maintained.Hard of hearing is fixed only when the boil covers the ear canal.
diffuse form of otitis media Otitis externa
this form often affects the skin around the ear, the ear covers the entire ear canal.Such ear infections are divided into:
Such manifest occurrence of otitis externa edema of the skin around the ear canal, ear and ear.The patient has a complaint of pain in the ear, which may be replaced by itching.Hearing may be reduced due to the swelling of the ear canal skin is thickened, red, edematous.If the inflammation extends to the eardrum, there is the emergence of clear discharge from the ear, hearing loss, she eardrum turns red.
manifestations such otitis may vary and depend on the type of fungus: the patient has complaints about the liquid discharge from the ear (candidiasis), or the appearance of crusts and plugs in the ear canal (aspergillosis).For one of the characteristic symptoms include itching in the ear.All other symptoms no different from bacterial otitis.
Edema of the ear, syringmus and hearing loss are the main symptoms of allergic otitis.The use of drugs that cause allergic rhinitis, allergies are the main diagnostic features for which there is an allergic otitis externa ear.
Treatment If the cause of otitis media is a disease of the skin, the first thing should be to treat this disease.In the treatment of bacterial otitis media often appointed appointment of antibacterial drugs.Fungal otitis externa treated using common antifungal therapy, as the use of local funds can not give the desired effect.Besides, in the treatment of otitis externa caused by fungi, are assigned restorative formulations.Treatment of allergic otitis aimed at getting rid of allergies.Thus the doctor prescribes a common allergy medications, and local funds.In the treatment of otitis externa limited opened the boil, remove the pus, and are used to relieve swelling tampons with hormonal antibacterial ointment.