for the election of the Federal President of Germany convened a special constitutional body - the Federal Assembly composed of deputies of the Bundestag and delegates elected by the parliaments of the land.The president is elected for a 5-year term, and his re-election is only possible once.Basic Law for the Federal Republic of Germany specifies requirements for a presidential candidate.They can become a German citizen is eligible to vote, you have the right to be elected to the Bundestag - authority of national representation.Age of the candidate must exceed 40 years.Federal President of Germany has two residences, one of which is a landmark of Bonn (Villa Hammerschmidt), the other - Bellevue Palace in Berlin.
history of the institute of presidency in Germany leads the beginning of the proclamation of the Weimar Republic (1919).The first president of the German Social Democrat Friedrich Ebert, the first head of state to be elected democratically.The first president of the Federal Republic of Germany was Theodor Heuss (located in the office of the federal president from September 1949 to September 1959).On March 23, 2012 as head of state in the Federal Republic of Germany Joachim Gauck takes - the fourteenth president of the German Federal President and eleventh.
Joachim Gauck.Biographical information and political activity
In 1940 the family of William Gauck - the captain of the vessel from Rostock, and later maritime official, was born a boy named Joachim.His parents 30s were members of the NSDAP.On the political views of Joachim strongly influenced charged with espionage, the subsequent arrest and imprisonment of his father (1951) in custody.In school, the future president of Germany resolutely refused to become a member SSNN (Free German Youth), the similarity of the Soviet Komsomol.He dreamed of becoming a journalist, however, young people are facing in the anti-communist positions, we had no opportunity to study journalism in the GDR.Then, Gauck became a Protestant pastor.Before being elected president, he actively participated in the political life of Germany: he was quite well-known human rights activist in East Germany, in the People's Chamber of the GDR represented the last convocation of the opposition alliance of 90, and in the last decade of the last century was managing the archives of the Ministry of State Security.
Federal President of Germany: the main functions and powers
head of state in Germany
- represents his country in the international arena;
- accredits (appoint) the diplomatic representatives;
- exercises the right to pardon prisoners.
authority Reich President, became in his time one of the reasons for the defeat of the Weimar Republic, influenced by the fact that the president of Germany currently has no serious political power, it only takes the decisions taken by other authorities.Functions of the President and the announcement of the signing of the limited federal laws, as well as the nomination of candidates to the parliament of the Federal Chancellor.The President has the right to approve the position and dismiss the Federal Chancellor.The powers of the Federal President is also right to assert in his post and dismissed from her federal ministers, judges, civil servants and officers.