Along with the literary language there is a huge lexical layer, called slang.Answering the question: "Slang - what is it?", It should be noted that these are the words that are not obscheupotreblyaemymi, they usually use a specific, defined group of persons in the common parlance.Although in some cases it is found in the literature, if the author should convey the character's live speech.
slang slang arose not from scratch.The word itself appeared recently.Just a couple of decades ago, people did not use the word "slang" what it is - do not know.But there were terms such as jargon, slang, vulgar, obscene language, dialect, vernacular, professionalism.Today, all these separate lexical layers merged together to form a group called the "slang".What it is, whether it is the Russian language - a moot point, which can not be answered unequivocally.
Sleng, which has no place in the language
It's safe to say that the presence of speeches jargon, slang, profanity and vulgar language spoils.Therefore, every self-respecting cultural person should avoid the use of such words.Unfortunately, even the media, eminent writers and political figures consider it possible to use low-grade slang, calling this position linguistic democratization.Many pseudo-science sum under its platform ridiculous evidence, trying to argue conclusively considered harmless speech formation.In fact, such an attitude to the language - the first step towards barbarism and loss of national pride.You can explain the cause of this slang group, but we should not forget that the mat and obscene language - is the curse that falls on the speaker himself.
professionalism as a component of slang
There semantic group of lexical units, called "professional slang."What it is?These are words that are not considered to be accepted and used solely a group of persons of a particular profession.For example, bells among sailors indicate bell that beat off the clock.A shoe railroad called the device that is used for braking cars.This also should include a computer slang: "Claudia" - the keyboard, the "mother" - the motherboard, "ventilator" - the operating system Windows, "died" - bad and so on.Since computers today enjoys almost all the young people, the professionalism of the computer at the same time included in the youth slang.What is it - look at next.
young Language: without an interpreter can not do!
Indeed, this stratum of Russian language is quite difficult to understand the common man, which does not rotate in a circle of growing generation.You can even compile a dictionary of informal language, which is used by young people.For example, "GABA" called gum "razvodyagoy" - fraud."Gansyuk" - the word is on the lips of the young German, and "diss" - the name of a rap that degrades another rapper's creativity.Interestingly, the word "lavruha" today called money.And more recently still synonymous funds were slang word "cabbage" and "grandmother", successfully migrated from the youth lexicon colloquially.
Many words from the narrow professional vocabulary or jargon youth pass into question most people.For example, narcologists together became known as delirium tremens "squirrel."Social networks are crowded lol-pictures illustrating the process of transferring the value to the phrase in the word homonym.Also, people often use the word "shabashki" or "bride price" - part "accordion" - the old joke, "the bearded anecdote."Most words have become slang spoken by changing their etymological value.Take, for example, the word "bitch", which means, by the way, a dead animal carcass (because and vultures).First it was the determination of the type of women, and bore a negative connotation.And today, the negative tone vanished, and called a bitch is not only insulting, but also prestigious.Many words appear in colloquial slang cuts by name.These are: "TV set", "great", "microwave", "stiralka", "boutiques", "sotik", "computer", "laptop" and others.There is another way of occurrence of words in the vernacular slang - is the use of foreign units, adapted to the Russian language by adding endings or alphabetic (incorrect) reading.The first case can be illustrated by the word "ahtungovat" - to pay attention to, and the second shows the word "gёrla."
Thus slang - is an informal vocabulary, the use of which is unacceptable in the literary language, with the exception of artistic techniques.Inappropriate and vulgar language is perceived by policy or teacher who litters his speech with slang word in an attempt to "get closer" to the people.