Hypersensitivity to mosquito bites and other insects doctors call insect allergens.It arises because of the distorted body's response to biologically active substances contained in the saliva of mosquitoes.An allergy to mosquito bites a child is local and general symptoms.And if the first relatively harmless presented local swelling, redness and itching, the latter may require serious treatment (even in the hospital).The so-called systemic anaphylactic reaction occurs due to the strong rejection of foreign protein body.Such allergies manifest general intoxication, nausea and vomiting, headache, fever.By the reaction of the system most often result in insect bites in the head and neck.
allergy similar to mosquito bites, can also occur through the fault of other insects.Local swelling (papule) with redness and itching are typical for such a situation.Incidentally, we note that it is not just an insect bite can cause allergies.No less dangerous is the so-called respiratory reaction of the body that occurs by inhalation of both the insects and their metabolic products.Worrying signs in this case are sharp runny nose, sneezing, hoarseness, coughing up to suffocation.
When the bite dangerous
must say that anaphylactic allergy to mosquito bites a child is extremely rare, but nevertheless, such cases are known and well documented.
If redness and swelling at the site of the bite reach a diameter of 5-10 cm, saved at least a day and are accompanied by severe itching, then it's time to see a doctor.If you have at any time, evidence that allergy to mosquito bites a child has acquired a systematic character, you want to call an ambulance.Hazardous features include extensive rash, fever, headache, nausea, vomiting and diarrhea, and sometimes suffocation.
bite marks, it is desirable not to scratch or scratches.It can be treated with a soda solution, and make better use of the ointment ("Fenistil gel" or "Psili Balm").In extreme travel conditions for the elimination of the local reactions can take advantage of gruel of pounded leaves of bird cherry, sage and juniper and plantain leaves.
If you are allergic to mosquito bites a child proceeds as anaphylaxis, do not self-medicate, and immediately seek medical attention.In the event of any delays and obstacles give the child any antihistamine (strictly following, of course, age and dosage instructions).Contacting a hospital necessarily as an allergy in the form of mosquito bites may have a very different origin and cause serious complications.
Prevention is always useful, but if a child has a tendency to any allergies, insect bites have to protect it carefully.Avoid evening walks near water, protect the room with mosquito nets and fumigators, wear clothing covering most hands and feet.Fairly reliable method - treat skin and clothing special means (repellents).However, pre-need to make sure the child is not allergic to them!