form of the verb in the English language are manifold.But that is no reason to consider it incomprehensible science grammar.If you have seriously decided to do her studies, it is first necessary to reject all the seriousness and read a book a psychologist and educator AAPyltsyna called "English in the family circle."
I see you and I want to ask: "But why do we need temporary forms of verbs in the English language?" The explanation is simple.Remember the cartoon about a bear Winnie the Pooh: one day he wanted to have the "wrong honey", which was collected by "incorrect Bees"?This, of course, a joke.But imagine the English are jokers that seriously decided to talk to the "wrong" language.They even have the irregular verbs.Do not believe me?Judge for yourself!Let's write a small list of 3 forms of verbs in the English language:
- forgive: forgive-forgave-forgiven
- begin: begin-began-begun
- go: go-went-gone
- run: ran-run-ran
- stop: quit-quit-quit
Why are called irregular verbs - guess not hard.After all, if you look at them closely, it becomes apparent that all of the first three forms are different.The fourth form of the last two coincide with each other, but different from the first.In the fifth the same first and last form.In the sixth form, all three are identical.How can these unruly tricksy compared to regular verbs?Judge for yourself:
's where order and control: regular verbs in the second and thirdthe same form under any circumstances and always have the ending - ed.
And what is the first form of the verb?English grammar offers us to meet with His Majesty the infinitive.You can never ignore this very important person, because it is always used before the particle to, and he answers the question "what to do?" Well, it is possible to answer this question?Of course:
to learn, to learn, to learn!
(to learn, learn, learn!)
infinitive always dictates what we should do:
reading: to read
there: to eat
sleep: to sleep
I think, from the foregoing it is evident that the infinitive is the first form of the English verb.But what we see: the proposal
I like to eat bananas. I love to eat bananas.
many as two times found the first form of the verb, but only before one of them is the particle to - how to understand this?
It's simple: to eat - is the infinitive (responsible, as we recall, the question "what to do?").Word like has no particles to , and therefore answers the question "what to do?".
But if I'd done something sooner, it would use the second form of the verbs in the English language.
I ate bananas yesterday.
Yesterday I ate bananas.
I drove a limousine last night.
Last night I rode in a limousine.
I wrote letters to my girlfriends.
I wrote letters to her friends.
Now to say about what happened in the past, you simply put the verb in the second form!In the words of a wonderful actor V. Lebanon (by the way - the best Sherlock Holmes of all time): "Elementary, my dear Watson!".However, if everything is so simple, why do you need to use the third form of the verbs in the English language?Foresaw this issue ...
see, from what we have said the phrase I ate bananas yesterday not clear, I ate bananas yesterday, or a little to the left now.Similarly, because the phrase I wrote letters to my girlfriends remains unknown, I wrote letters to her friends, or they remained unfinished?Therefore, if we want to focus the interlocutor on what action has been completed, you will need the knowledge and use of the third form of the verbs in the English language:
I have written letters to my girlfriends.
I wrote letters to her friends.
I have eaten bananas.
I ate bananas.
and verbs in these sentences have not translated, because it is necessary to indicate the completion of the action.It helps to identify the event in the past, and therefore is called the auxiliary verb.
If you enjoyed this article, and you want to continue the study of English grammar, be sure to read the lessons of AAPyltsina "English-style Rock 'and' English with blondes" - you will like it even more!