Constitution of Germany 1871

Constitution of Germany in 1871 was adopted by the Constituent Assembly on April 22 and entered into force on May 4th.It is a legally enshrined the creation of the German Empire, which included three free cities and 22 of the monarchy.The most important powers have been transferred to the federal authorities, but for States and certain preserved autonomy.The position of the allied states were unequal.The greatest benefits were provided to Prussia.

Constitution of Germany consisted of 14 chapters containing 78 articles.It was developed on the basis of certain provisions and principles of the Constitution Act, 1867.

head of the empire became the King of Prussia.He represented the state in international relations, led diplomacy has full military power, commanded the armed forces had the right to declare war on behalf of the Empire, he had the decisive word in the resolution of legal disputes.In addition, he appointed Chancellor (head of government) and officials.

Legislative power belongs to the Parliament.The members of the Bundesrat (upper house) members appointed by the government in the Empire State.

Constitution German Bundesrat has given not only the legislature but also a significant amount of enforcement.Chairman of the upper house was the chancellor, who was appointed by the King of Prussia.The competence of the upper chamber included budgetary and financial affairs, legislation, contracts, etc.For law enforcement Chancellor could issue orders to give administrative guidance departments, had the right of constitutional and legislative control.The Reichstag (the lower house) had little power and can be dissolved by order of the Bundesrat.

German Constitution contains provisions on the formation of the lower chamber directly elected by the population for 3 years.The deputies for the implementation of its activities did not receive any remuneration.They were considered representatives of the people, and they can not be withdrawn.Laws passed by the Reichstag, were required to be approved by the Bundesrat.

government led by Chancellor, who reports to State seretari is his deputy in various departments.German Constitution has assigned to the government a number of powers.So, it was in charge of the leadership of the armed forces, banking, communications, criminal law, health service and others. The local government is for the most part engaged in the execution of the imperial laws.

Constitutional Law of Germany in this period was aimed at solving the most complex problems facing the empire by military force.The Basic Law does not contain chapters on the rights and freedoms of citizens.One of the chapters is the most extensive, dedicated to "military training."It enshrined universal military service, citizens belonging to 7 years to the composition of the army and others.

unification of Germany led to substantial economic progress.The country for a long time was one of the most industrialized in the world.