world economy - it is a complex system based on the principles of self-organization.It is in constant development, it does not inherently any hard links, changes regularly, but his system continually strives for balance.At the heart of the global economy is a mechanism for maintaining the internal balance and the significant capacity for self-development.
world economy has a certain functional principle, the essence of which consists in the implementation of the ownership and use of productive forces and the structure of the forms and methods of regulation and stimulation of the economy on a global scale.This concept also includes organizational and legal rules that have a positive impact on the production, exchange, use and consumption of the final product, as well as the dynamic changes and qualitative characteristics of economic development.
world economy is the result of the historical development of the economy, as well as the interaction between the global economy.Its development was affected by several socio-economic factors, including:
1. The international division of labor.
2. The development of transport and communications.
3. The migration of financial and human capital.
need to consider the stages of development of the world economy in order to fully analyze its system.So, first began to lay after the industrial revolution which started in England in the sixties of the eighteenth century, when production first started using mechanical spinning wheel.
As for the second stage of development of the world economy, it began around the year 1910-1930, when there was the preparation for the First World War, which resulted in the militarization of the economy.There are new industries (petrochemical, power and aluminum).
third phase started during the Second World War.At that time there were major contradictions in the economy between Japan, the US and Western Europe.
fourth stage covers the period from 1970 to 1990, when he began to take shape a crisis and then the collapse of the world socialist system.During this period, the pace of the US, Japan and EU countries began to grow and strengthen the integration of economies, which brings together the world economy.
Regarding the latter, the fifth stage of development, it began around 1990 and continues to this day.It is characterized by the fact that the former Soviet Union have become part of the global economy, which continues the transition to a market economy.At this time, there is a rapid development of information technology.However, starting the aggravation of global problems, environmental pollution, and the active development of the underground economy, drug trafficking.A serious problem for society is becoming global terrorism, the fight against which begin to unite all countries and peoples.
Currently, the globalization of the world economy affects the growing problems in society, among which is called the economic, demographic, and others.
world economy has always been distinguished by the fact that within its framework of differentiation can be identified based on the difference in levels of economic development, there is a certain amount of production factors, as well as in the international division of labor.By analyzing these parameters, countries with a high level of development provided certain advantages.On the other hand there are many underdeveloped countries, which depend both economically and in terms of technology from the leaders in the market, which dictate their demands to establish a new economic order in the world.