Law-enforcement bodies of the Russian Federation.

Ministry of internal affairs in many countries is one of the oldest and most stable in the reorganization plan structures.At the same time it is part of a small group of agencies that make up the core of the government.The bodies of internal affairs of Russia there are about two centuries.In the USSR, they were called the NKVD, after the regime change - the Ministry of Interior.Next, consider the details of internal affairs bodies.


Government of the Russian Federation belong to the executive branch.They carry out various functions.The activities of internal affairs bodies aimed at development and implementation of state policy and normative-legal regulation, the development of programs in the area of ​​migration.

distinctive features

The main feature of the structure is that the units included in it, among other things, and perform law enforcement functions.This feature of immediately and directly affects the powers vested in the system of internal affairs agencies.This feature can be seen in the structure of the apparatus, methods and forms of realization of functions, and other elements of its legal status.

Whatever its form of law enforcement is considered public.In other words, the performance of tasks carried out outside the industry: on the streets, markets, squares and other public places.This suggests that the system of internal affairs agencies - the Internal Troops, police and other units - a task not performed intra nature.It is not formed to coordinate the self-security and order, and to contribute to the establishment and preservation of law and order in society, both in terms of citizens and organizations.

Undoubtedly, within the industry there are a variety of tasks to improve its organization, funding, equipment and so on.The quality and speed of solving these problems depends on the efficiency of the structure outside the industry.However, despite the significance and the importance of intra-company areas of priority are the ones that are subject to the basic function of judicial spheres - security and protection of order in society.


Government of the Russian Federation form the large-scale structure of the entire industry and make the state administration.At the same time their authority to apply to the state and society in the framework of the law-enforcement sphere assigned to them.This is the purpose of determining the structure of all the main aspects of its organizational and legal status, methods and forms of implementation competence.The main objectives of the sector are:

  • Development and implementation of domestic and migration policy.
  • management units HP internal troops of the Russian Federation and the country.
  • health security, life, liberty and the rights of the state's population, foreign persons, entities without citizenship;combating crime, maintaining public safety, protection of property and order.
  • Laws and regulations.
  • Providing legal and social protection of law enforcement officers serving in the interior troops, civilian government officials Interior Ministry.

of law enforcement officers, citizens discharged from service in the police department and from the ranks of the troops, their families have the right to receive support.In accordance with applicable law, this task is entrusted to the Ministry of Internal Affairs.

Directions From these powers by the administrative law being implemented two activities: management and search.The first is the most extensive of all the existing sub-sectors.Jobs in the internal affairs in this area requires a large amount of employees.In this regard, for the execution of administrative tasks involved the bulk of the employees.Administrative sphere MIA combines many specific activities of HP and employees.Within this sub-sector is supervised public order, administrative controls and more.


On the basis of the tasks and competences of the ATS is based and the structure of the industry.Currently, the system includes such major units and controls as:

  • central apparatus of the Interior Ministry.
  • police.
  • Main command of internal troops of the unit.
  • Investigation Department.
  • Defence ensure the protection of public order and coordinate interaction with the executive authorities in the subjects.
  • traffic police.
  • main unit structure of private security.
  • Central Office for combating extremism.
  • main unit's own security.
  • Central Department of Economic Security and Anti-Corruption.

structural differences from the above list of structures that form the sector, it is clear that some of the bodies of internal affairs of the Russian Federation shall have the status of public administration units, such as departments of Internal Affairs.Others are assigned as independent structural elements.This means that their powers extend beyond, in fact, the structure of the Interior Ministry.These units, for example, include traffic police.

Government of the Russian Federation and independent units implement the data structures of its power through its system.It has a specific device.Central control of the Interior Ministry includes departments and agencies, which are formed in accordance with the principle of specialty performance of certain tasks within the main areas.

Legal basis

main normative act providing regulation of the Ministry of Internal Affairs, the Constitution stands.Basic provisions are also contained in the acts of the State Duma, orders and decrees of the President, the Federal Law, regulations of the Government.Legal basis of activities carried out by the norms and principles of world law, international contracts, the Regulation on the Ministry of Interior.The order of operations is determined as other orders, instructions, regulations department.

functioning of the structures based on the principles of respect and observance of human and civil rights, humanism, rule of law, openness, close interaction with bodies of state power and management, population, public associations and mass media.Local law-enforcement bodies are represented provincial (regional), district, city departments and divisions.

General organizational aspects of the legal status

functions between local authorities and the Interior Ministry are divided in the order of formation of the system of dual subordination - horizontal and vertical.Guidelines of the management focused primarily on providing material, financial and organizational conditions for the effective implementation of the tasks entrusted to the police station.The functions of the administrative structure also includes giving guidance and information on a variety of events (fairs, demonstrations, meetings).Higher bodies VD address issues of regulation, improvement of methods and forms of activity of officers and units in general, lessons learned, and so on.Local structures operate mainly on the practical problems prevent, combat misconduct and ensure the involvement of the perpetrators to justice.

Features ATC subjects

The edges (areas) Management HP supervise subordinate bodies in towns and regions.They also sell some law enforcement tasks by their own means.In particular, they provide security for the activities of the regional (regional) scale, administers the police forces and so on.

city and regional departments are at the lower levels of the Interior Ministry.In fact, they do most of the work on security and law enforcement.They have at their disposal specialized and trained police forces and other structures of the MVD.The scope of their activities included practical solution of problems of the passport regime, security and policing in the squares, streets and other public places.Officials involved in these units, a lot of time paying the reception of citizens, consideration of complaints and appeals.Much time is given to them and the public join forces to combat crime, control over the activities of local policemen.

The structure of the Interior Ministry, there are two main elements of which are performed using challenges and implemented powers.These include the police and internal troops.In the arsenal they have mainly the methods and means of administrative and legal nature.Themselves these units belong to law enforcement agencies.The management and supervision of all children of the by federal law-enforcement bodies.


It is one of the most important parts of the ATM system.As the legal basis for the functioning of the police acts Constitution, the relevant Law, international treaties, decrees of the President and the Government, and other regulations.This structural element ensures the safety of citizens and the protection order through patrols.In 2011, a reform, which resulted in the former militia was reorganized to the police.

In conclusion

general management in the field of internal affairs exercised by the President and the Government of the country.The structure of the most important tasks assigned to the Ministry of Interior.From the professionalism of the security depends on the streets, to preserve the freedom and rights of citizens.WA Government are actively fighting crime, protect property.

Speaking as the core, the central link, the Interior Ministry is implementing the task to develop and implement measures to protect the population, objects (regardless of their form of ownership), and activities to prevent and suppress violations of administrative, criminal nature.The activities of WD includes a complex of several legal forms: criminal procedure, operative-investigative and administrative.

in law enforcement in the last few years there have been significant changes.In particular, the police has been reorganized, made adjustments to the legal framework.Thus, it was right to put the detainee to make a telephone call, detailed procedures for the application of special means and detention, the description of the powers that have police on entering the premises, and other regulations.