Features leaders were studied in detail in the 20th century.Why does one person can manage people, and the other not?This question worries scientists today.In order to deal with the problem, there have been a lot of extensive research.The experts decided to identify specific behavioral characteristics of leaders.However, the results have been mixed.
This is quite natural, because the leaders are significantly different from each other both in character and style of management.Then the researchers asked a different purpose.They decided to identify leadership styles and their advantages and disadvantages.Let us consider the results of research.
There are two basic types of leadership - authoritarian and democratic.In the first case, the main feature of the head is that it puts pressure on the basest needs of the people.That is, the leader does not believe in the possibility of an interest in the work and influence on subordinates with money.In this case, power is concentrated in the hands of one person.Head requires complete obedience from subordinates and unquestioning execution of orders.
Leadership styles also include the opposite of an autocrat.The Democratic leader of the highest influences people's needs.That is, he believes in a natural curiosity and interest in the job.Democratic leader motivates a person the ability to self-produce, provide a full initiative, proactive support staff.In this case, the power in a decentralized organization.
Leadership styles are also divided into two additional categories.Blagosklonno- authoritarian leader takes all the main power in their hands, and motivating employees with the help of cash incentives.However, in this case, the leader of his subordinates offered limited autonomy, and trust them to make some decisions.
There is also a consultative leadership style.The leader takes all major policy issues, and his subordinates leaves the decision of tactical problems.The power in the organization, in this case, is a partially decentralized.
Now you know all the basic styles of leadership.Each of them has its pros and cons.In some periods of the organization is the ideal authoritarian leadership, and some need democracy.
Such a broad topic such as leadership and management style would be incomplete without consideration of the matter in politics, because that is where the main power is concentrated.Consider this question in more detail.Here, too, there are four types of leaders, but their distinctive characteristics are more extensive and complex than the version of the classification of heads of organizations.It is not surprising, because lead the broad masses can not everyone.
What are the styles of political leadership?Consider the most advanced classification.Leader-bearer - is the person who primarily motivates people.With it would be desirable to identify themselves, because such a policy is endowed with the ability to attract and delight.It is ideal to take an example which millions.
Leader-minister - a man who directs all its efforts on the social needs of citizens.It seeks to help people their practice, actual deeds.It works on behalf of their voters, seeks to find all their needs.
leader marketer - a politician who knows how to properly bring all our strategic plans and concepts to citizens.He convinces attracts attention, has the gift of suggestion.
Leader-fire - is, first of all, the tactics, who perfectly knows how to solve specific problems.It easily handles the most "burning" problems and pressing issues.