How on earth have created a paradise, and what came of it

In 1972, the famous American environmentalist and zoopsychologists John B. Calhoun (John B. Calhoun) made his most famous experiment called "The Universe 25", whose goal was to create a paradise.And how it was the result of the experiment?

John B. Calhoun specialized in the research population density and its impact on behavior.He argued that his experiments on rodents simulate the possible behavior of human society overpopulated planet (the first ideas he developed while writing his thesis on the Norwegian rat and the population in 1943).During his studies, Calhoun coined the term social psychology - "behavioral sink".

"behavioral sink" (behavioural sink) - a behavioral or social failure, behavioral trap behavioral whirlpool behavioral sink: the phenomenon of increasing deviations from the norms of behavior (eg rejection of all social interactions) among biological organisms, in Vol. H. Of peoplehigh population density, eg., in the city.

Works Calhoun received worldwide recognition.He spoke at conferences around the world, and worked in a variety of NASA projects, or, for example, the District of Columbia in a project to combat overcrowding in local prisons.

most famous Calhoun received for his experiment called "The Universe 25."In 1972, John B. Calhoun (John B. Calhoun) tried, together with the National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), a series of experiments to control the population of mice in ideal conditions - a haven for mice do: square tank, two by two and a half meters in height.Food, temperate climate, purity, with females, horizontal and vertical strokes for males.The lack of predators.

in heaven sent four pairs of healthy purebred mice.

After 104 days they will have first offspring.Parents care about kids.In "Universe 25" come "Golden Age."Mice love each other, and every 55 days the population doubles, only after 315 days of growth has slowed.

In "Universe 25" is now lived more than 600 mice.Male has become more difficult to defend their territory, is now on the moves needed to squeeze free social roles was nearly empty as space.There

"Les Miserables," and they began to gather in groups in the center - their attacks met fierce resistance.Soon mother became hysterical - to attack their children, the birth rate fell.

single females moved in the most difficult of the top slot, and among males became increasingly observed pronounced narcissism.These males do not fight, did not want to carnal pleasures - they just ate, slept and and introspect.But at the same time, in the far corners flourished cannibalism svalny sin and violence.

After 18 months, the growth of murine universe finally stopped.And in a month (600 days from the beginning of heavenly life), with a very low number of new pregnancies, the mortality molodnika reached 100 percent.

Nartsissiruyuschie males and hid in a distant female burrows lost the desire and the ability of social mate.Murine society collapsed.Paradise turned into hell.All died.

scientist repeated the experience many times over 40 years, but the result was the same: at a certain point, the explosion of violence and hypersexual activity followed asexuality and self-destruction.

The test results were met with great interest of the Roman Catholic Church.Calhoun met with Pope Paul VI in Rome for the Special World Conference on the future of research in 1973.

most adaptable to adverse conditions turned out to be a mouse - able to cope with the largest possible number of social ties.In "Universe 25" the longest surviving the most sociable, innovative, clever mouse.

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