formation of market relations can not be imagined without a healthy competition.The latter provides the improvement of the quality of products manufactured by various companies within the same economic sector.Companies struggle for the loyalty of the consumer to improve the lives of members of society.
capture a niche market by one enterprise is fraught with decline in the quality of its production.The reason is that the consumer in this case has no possibility to choose the best product, and is forced to buy to meet their needs is that one company provided.To avoid such situations, the State assumes the responsibility to take appropriate instruments and programs, that is, to carry out anti-monopoly regulation.This term has different interpretations, this article will be used the following wording.
Antitrust - a state activity, aimed at the establishment and implementation of the rules of business, market development and the protection of fair competition.
Most European countries have begun the transition to a market economy after the bourgeois revolutions of the last century.Antitrust regulation in this part of the continent emerged as a response not only to the state but also society attempts by some companies to seize the popular niches.
private sector development as an economic nucleus of society in most western countries has a long history.Today, his support is not only a normative expression, but is the whole institutional system.At the same time it is completely legitimate, and businesses enjoy preferential programs of various insurance companies, commercial banks, regional safeguards, charitable associations and sector funds.All these institutions are actively supporting evolving business.
Russian experience of market relations associated with completely different prerequisites.Period of the Soviet Union is characterized by a complete monopolization of the major economic sectors.Concentrated in the hands of the state economy is ruled out the possibility of the development of the market.The abrupt transition to capitalism at the end of the last century was a blow to the country's economic sectors.Antitrust regulation in these conditions has long been rated, finding its expression in anything other than the rules of the law of the same name.
Today the level of development of the market is significantly higher than in the late 90s of the last century, however, it is still not satisfactory.The reason is that the Russian natural monopolies occupy a significant share of the economy.In addition, the transition to capitalism in the absence of the relevant preconditions and the time of its implementation is not the best way affected the formation of small and medium-sized businesses.
Antitrust not raise enterprise and for the development of the latter is not formed institutional framework.Thus, the state is forced to tighten measures to prevent the capture of a large share of the market now certain goods.But a large part of the funds that are spent on anti-monopoly regulation of the economy, could be used to support small and medium-sized businesses.