The Vienna Convention

Convention - this is one of the types of sources of law, is an agreement in writing, signed and regulated states of MP, regardless of the form of quantitative compilation of associated documents, and whatever its particular designation.

Such international agreements include agreements governing various spheres of public life.The subjects of these are human rights and freedoms, trade, air transport, railway transport, intellectual property protection and many others.

Vienna Convention in 1980 unified the number of rules relating to trade on the international level, which proved to be acceptable to many countries with different systems of law.The 1980 Convention is grouped into four sections, and it includes 101 articles.All of them are directed to the following important issues: the concept of the contract, the form of contracts, the content of rights and obligations of the parties, the parties responsible for failure to perform under the contract items.

According to the document, an international agreement can be concluded in two forms: written and oral.1961 Vienna Convention states that parties to the treaties can be any subjects of WFP, have a contractual legal capacity.Universal has the legal capacity exclusively state.

Vienna Convention, the object of which is the sale and purchase agreement, applies to agreements between the businesses of its member countries.But, at the same time, certain types of transactions are not covered by it (for example, the sale of securities, a successful bid, and some others).

A common form of liability for violation of obligations by one of the parties is a claim for damages, including lost income.Responsibility does not occur only in the case where the accused party can prove that the breach of contract claims is caused by circumstances beyond its control.

Vienna Convention on Diplomatic Relations of 1961 is one of the main acts regulating the field of diplomatic law.All the heads of missions under the Convention are divided into three classes: the ambassadors and nuncios (so-called representatives of the Vatican) that are accredited to Heads of State;ambassadors, ministers and internuncios also accredited to Heads of State;attorneys in the business, is accredited with the Foreign Minister.

In accordance with this convention, the staff representation is divided into several categories: diplomatic, administrative, technical and support staff.

Vienna Convention provides for diplomatic relations, which must occur between states by mutual agreement.You also need to reach agreement on the formation of diplomatic missions and their level.

foreign state or, in other words, the sending State, in accordance with the 1961 Convention itself appoints the heads of diplomatic missions.In turn, the State shall give the agrement (consent) for the accreditation of the person for this position, but it may refuse, without giving reasons.

Termination head of the official functions of a diplomatic staff comes when he leaves the country as a result of reviews, ads diplomat persona non grata, and his refusal to carry out its functions.

In the event of termination of diplomatic relations between the State issuing the agrement shall assist in the issue of leaving foreign diplomats and their family members.