The theme of poetry and the poet addressed many times by many great artists of the word, but in their works they reveal it in different ways.
two directions in art
two main trends in the question of how to understand the challenges facing the arts, decided in the mid-19th century.Supporters of "pure art" believed not in the picture is the poetry of reality.She is the subject of grace and form of the poem.Representatives of this trend deliberately moved away from reality and the problems addressed in his works to the "eternal" themes.
Representatives of the so-called "democratic" direction takes the opposite position.They relied on the experience of poets of the Decembrists, Pushkin and Lermontov.Of course, one of them belonged to Nekrasov.Creativity Nekrasov is a shining example of service to the Fatherland.Continuing the tradition of Pushkin and Lermontov, the poet constantly turned over its path to the theme of poetry and the poet.Many Nekrasov's poem dedicated to her.We note in this article only the most famous and important ones.
theme of poetry and the poet in the lyric Nekrasov early years
Concerning this topic, Nekrasov in the 40s was inclined to associate with a simple woman, coming from the people, his muse ("Yesterday, in the sixth hour ...").Nikolai emphasized thereby nation of all his work, which was recognized by him in the early days.However, he showed the difficulties encountered by the poet in the beginning.It is about the struggle Nekrasov with journalistic persecution and censorship.Like a young farmer, his muse "whip excised" and "riddled scourge."
In the poem "Muse", written in 4 years, the poet develops these estimates and comparisons.His mentor, alas, does not sing songs sladkoglasnyh.It does not teach harmony, do not use a pipe.Another appearance is his muse.Once again, the poet compares it to the peasant, but now in greater detail.She sings to the "smoky torch" in "squalid hut."Peasant this "killed grief," "bent labor."However, Muse Nekrasov not only likened to the rural toiler.It is also called "the poor unfortunate companion."For this poem Nekrasov characteristic that is a disposition to revenge trait muse.In this way the poet prepares wonderful characteristic in the "virgin" complex synthesis, definition, formulated a little later, in 1855, when he called her "muse of vengeance and sorrow."
two types of poets in the poem Nekrasov Nekrasov
also reflects on the Creator, in particular in the work "Blessed gentle poet ...".It's workmanship, created in the period of "dark seven years", dedicated to the memory of Nikolai Gogol (pictured below), who had just died.It maintained, in spite of the censorship, the struggle for the triumph of literature "Gogol" direction.In this poem opens a new theme of poetry and the poet Nekrasov in the lyrics.Nikolai sharply contrasts the two types of poets: "accuser of the crowd" and being "gentle" literary artist.
Some scholars of the author's of interest to us are convinced that what he meant by "gentle poet" Zhukovsky, deserves this epithet.By "witness against the crowd," Nekrasov means satirist Gogol.Way in the literature that the writer was "thorny".Gogol was not a "mercy" and the rest of the opponents."The cries of indignation" and "blasphemy" constantly harassed him.And most importantly - it is Nikolai, "arming satire" mouth denounced "Kara lyre" social vices.Extremely close Nekrasov was preaching love "hatred" evil, "a hostile word of denial".As Nikolai (his portrait is shown below), Nikolai "loved hating."Nekrasov declared his cherished idea that their homeland does not love one who lives without anger and sadness.
"Poet and Citizen"
main themes and ideas of the lyrics Nekrasov were associated with a very important one for the Z's concept - "citizen".The poet, thinking of the artist-creator creates a poem called "The Poet and Citizen".Image of the poet in him, he gave some of his own traits fluctuations, doubt, although sought, above all, to the typing of this image.Figure Citizen also different generalizations.It requires the poet to respond to various life conflicts, actively serve the people, protect the disadvantaged.By Decembrist poetry back row Z's that you can not be a poet, but a citizen - is necessary.Recall, for example, the formula KF Ryleeva (his portrait is shown below), which said that he was not a poet and citizen.
Nikolai develops this idea."Elementary" and dramatic works, "Poet and Citizen" (Nekrasov) has strengthened its dialogue form.However, it is not saved from didacticism and a declarative, which manifest themselves in rhetorical questions, manuals, appeals, motivations, as well as in the political lexicon inherent era Nekrasov.
theme of poetry and the poet in the lyric Nekrasov runs through all his work.Nikolai, responding to the debate about the role that society has to play the poet, which were conducted in 1870 in journalism, creating the poem "In Memory of Schiller" ("The Poet").Problems and flavor of the product are different in many respects from the preceding verses of poetry, as the analysis of the lyrics Nekrasov.Nikolai is not the topic of suffering and misery, does not connect with the fate of the peasantry word artist.Nekrasov, whose poems often focus on the suffering of ordinary people, is limited by the fact that in this poem creates a perfect image of the poet.
Who do Nekrasov is the perfect image of the poet?
For him, it is Schiller (his portrait is shown below).
creativity, thought, the life of this great German poet Nekrasov for fine mainly because he sees them as a manifestation of the artist judges, guided by the highest principles of beauty and morality.The author emphasizes the heroism of the hero in the sublime and the beautiful.He is faithful in his service to the freedom of God.Poet armed "sky thunders".It stands above the bankers and kings, and the "magic torch 'raised them as" light of reason ", which we are already familiar, illuminates the way people brings them into the light.
his age and people need a poet.He serves them, not trying to retreat into art, detached from life.Singer calls his muse only when clear in his mind "types of goodness and love."According to the author, the creator of this can and should remind people of the "high calling" as well, which is especially important now for Nekrasov, bring "harmony" in their feelings and deeds, guided by the highest ideal of beauty.
theme of poetry and the poet Nekrasov revealed in the lyrics and in the poem "Elegy".This is perhaps most dramatically expressive and profound poem on this topic we are interested in the work of the author.Nikolai Comprehending the reform years, it makes a disappointing conclusion that the theme of "the suffering of the people" has not lost its topicality.The fate of the peasants, the share of people are still unbearable and painful.As in the past, "tunes rural virgins" filled with grief and sadness.The originality of the lyrics Nekrasov throughout his work is in the image of suffering people.However, Nikolai in "Elegy" significantly expands the picture of the hardships peasants.He says using the plural of disasters of different "nations", meaning the triumph of reaction in countries neighboring Russia.Here, people are going through at this time, "the night bezrassvetnuyu" (definition given in the poem "silent honest ...", written in the same year).
Poem Nekrasov today is known and loved by many.The largest and most famous of them - "Who Lives Well in Russia?".After reading even one of all this work of the poet, it is possible to understand how loved Nikolai Russian people.However, not only the poem Nekrasov reflect care of him.The fate of the people of concern to the author in many other works.Nikolai sees the poet's highest calling is to serve him wholeheartedly.In "Elegy," Nekrasov if sums up his art, saying: "I lira devoted to his people."We could not agree more.