separate peace - an agreement between the two states in a state of war, which they make in secret and without any contrary to the wishes of its allies or coalition members they represent.
While conducting joint struggle against the common enemy of the members of these communities quite often undertake not to conclude similar agreements with him.Therefore, during the Second World War, 26 of the countries that are members of the anti-Hitler associations signed the Declaration of the United Nations, according to which they had no right to conclude a peace treaty with the enemies.A similar example can be regarded as an agreement of the USSR and the United Kingdom.
separate peace was also signed between Egypt and Israel in 1979, while other Arab countries were strongly against such agreements.
Background Brest peace
first meeting devoted to the signing of a peace treaty between Russia and Germany took place in Brest-Litovsk in 1917.The Soviet delegation proposed to create a document that would be fully consistent with the idea of a universal democratic peace.Germany is not satisfied with such a proposal, because their military districts did not want to deviate from their desire to capture enemy territory, which only increases during the negotiations.
separate peace with Germany, according to the requirements of Hitler's representatives, provided strict conditions imposed by Russia.In their implementation given only 48 hours.Simultaneously with the announcement of its claims the Austro-German army launched an offensive on all fronts, threatening to occupy Petrograd.Soviet representatives could do nothing but accept all the conditions imposed by the enemy, since the troops were in transition.The old army refused to fight with the enemy, and was clearly demoralized, the new workers' and peasants, was at an early stage of formation.
not taking into account relevant to the treaty Left Communists and the Social Revolutionaries, who accused the government of betraying the Bolshevik revolution and the treachery of interests, a separate peace between Russia and Germany was signed in March 1918 during the IV Extraordinary Congress of the Soviets.
similarity truce did not last long.Once in Germany, occurred November Revolution and the country's Fourth Union defeated the Bolsheviks decided to cancel the peace agreement unilaterally.
Basel World 1795 in the city of Basel, in France, was signed just two peace agreements: one - April 5, with Prussia, the second - July 22, Spain.A prerequisite for the establishment of such agreements was the fact that Russia has begun to play an important role in the position of the European states.Thus, Prussia was no longer a part of Poland, and its king refused to remain a member of the coalition, which is opposed by the French Republic.In addition, he did not want to declare war on her and was ready to support all the rulers of the States which were his supporters in this matter.
separate peace with Prussia alleged refusal of the Prussian king from his zareynskih possessions, which he conceded the French Republic.In addition, Prussia would receive a fee if the left bank of the Rhine was free.
separate peace can rightly be regarded as an important tool contributing to the favorable outcome of the war for both the warring states.The conclusion of such agreements could save many lives and ensure the territorial integrity of countries that have signed them.