Types of constitutions

In each country, for objective reasons, the constitution may differ from the basic laws of another state.The theory of constitutionalism allocates types of constitutions according to the form of their expression, entities and procedure for the adoption and effectiveness of their theses.

Types of constitutions, according to the form of expression, there are written and unwritten.Hand-written Constitution - NPA, which regulates the constitutional questions.This kind of constitution can consist of several acts, which complement each other in content, and are hailed as components of a single whole constitution.For example, the Constitution of the French Republic consists of the Constitution, 1958, the Declaration of 1789 and the preamble of the Constitution of 1946.

unwritten constitution is a collection of ordinary laws, regulations and customs.Obvious examples of this kind is the Constitution of the United Kingdom.Those sources that make up the unwritten constitution, each individually can not provide a complete model of social and political life in their country.Formally, they are not linked into a coherent legal instrument or set of official acts.They do not differ from other sources, legal, since it does not have special advantages with respect to others.

Types constitutions of their host entities are granted (also called the imposed), as well as people's constitution.Grant a constitution enters into force the head of state on the basis of them signed the act.An example of this, the Constitution of the State of Qatar.

also granted constitutions of a number, you can select a set of laws of the Russian Empire of 1906.This Constitution was put in place in accordance with the decree of the Russian emperor.

In contrast to the previous species, the national constitution can be adopted by popular referendum or parliament.There are cases when the adoption of the Constitution created the supreme authority under the name of the constituent or constitutional assembly.

In order of adoption of the Constitution, or the introduction of amendments and corrections kinds of constitutions are: flexible and rigid.

The term flexible refers to the fundamental law of the constitution of the state, which receives and changes as well as the rest of the usual state laws.

procedure for adopting and amending the constitution rigid more complicated.In some countries this is due to the fact that interested in the constancy of the constitution group wish to ensure the stability of the constitution in such a form in which it is.And in some countries, such rigidity due to the need for sustainable development of society, without all sorts of turmoil and splits it.

Thus, there are definite concept and types of constitutions.The types of constitutions is still possible to add the legal and factual, but in terms of the effectiveness of the laws, which were in their place, there are also real and fictitious constitution.

real constitution can be called in the event that all of its provisions have a place to be in practice.As for the bogus constitution, its features can be understood by its name.

By the way, today it is very difficult to find at least one state, whose constitution would be a completely real or completely fictitious.Therefore, in order to assess the constitution, it will be much more efficient to evaluate some of its rules and institutions.

And finally, consider the types of the Constitution.It is, above all, is the people's, since it was adopted as a result of the 1993 referendum.And besides, she is like most constitutions, the Scriptures.With regard to the amendments, it is possible, but except for a few of its chapters are not allowed to make changes.From this perspective, the fundamental law of the Russian state is combined.