Sailors Alexander Matveyevich was born in Ekaterinoslavl in 1924, the year the 5th of February.He died in 1943, the 27th of February.Alexander Matrosov was the shooter, submachine Red Army, member of the Komsomol.Hero of the Soviet Union, he received a selfless act during the war.The feat Matrosov quite widely reported in the literature, magazines, newspapers and movies.
Biography of Alexander Matrosov Matveyevich.Childhood
Officially, he received training in children's homes and labor colony in Ufa.At the end of seventh grade, he began working as an assistant tutor in the last colony.According to another version, Alexander Matrosov name Muhamedyanov Shakiryan Yunusovich.The future his name he took at the time, when I was a waif (ran away from home after the father of a new marriage), and signed for admission to the children's home is beneath it.From the time he was called Alexander Matrosov Matveyevich.There is another version, according to which the mother of the boy, save him from starvation after being left alone without her husband, gave it to the Melekessky an orphanage, where he was transferred to an orphanage in Ivanovo Mainsky area.Not preserved paper orphanages Matrosov stay in them.
patriotic version of the childhood
According to this embodiment, the dispossessed peasant Matthew Sailors was sent to Kazakhstan.There he was missing.His son, an orphan, was in an orphanage, but soon ran out.Besprizornichaya Sasha got to Ufa, where it was recorded in a labor colony.While staying there he became a great example for other students: a boxer and was successful skier znachkistom TRP, amateur poet and political information.In its 16 years of Sailors he was accepted into the Komsomol.He was then appointed assistant tutor.But the activist was caught with one pupil.During that Sasha was expelled from the Komsomol.When the war began, he worked at the factory.
What heroism of the Red Army?
What is a feat Matrosov?In short, the Red Army rushed into the breach, to take forward our shooters.However, to this day researchers argue, what was the exact same version.During perestroika began to talk about the incorrectness of the original version.As the argument is the fact that from an ordinary shot, for example, in the arm with a rifle, the person loses his balance.Powerful all from a machine gun, in that case, should drop the body by a few meters.According to Kondratiev (writer and war veteran), a feat Alexander Matrosov was that he climbed onto the roof of the bunker and tried to tilt the machine gun muzzle to the ground.However, it argues historian Sokolov, who studies the events, which was Alexander Matrosov.The truth about the feat, which he made in his version is that the hero tried to shoot the payment into the vent.The Germans could not at the same time to fire at our soldiers and fend off the Red Army.Since Alexander was killed sailors.The truth about the heroism of the Red Army, can not figure out exactly, but his act has allowed our shooters to cross the shelling space.
beginning of the war
Sailors written repeatedly issued requests to send him to the front.Called to serve, he was in 1942, and began to study at the Infantry School near Orenburg.However, in the next, 1943, together with fellow students traveled to the Kalinin Front volunteer march company.Since the end of February, is already at the front, Alexander Matveyevich Matrosov served in the 2nd Battalion separate shooting 91st Siberian separate Volunteer Brigade.Stalin.He could not finish school because died in the beginning of the war in a battle near the ringlets.Hero was buried there, and then his remains were reburied in the Pskov region, Great Luke.For his heroic act Sailors Alexander Matveyevich was attached to the award of Hero of the Soviet Union posthumously.
official version of events
2nd Battalion, which as a sailor, was ordered to attack near the village of ringlets strong point.But when the Soviet soldiers came to the edge, passing forest, they came under heavy fire of the Germans: in bunkers three machine guns covered the approaches to the village.To suppress the firing points were sent to assault a group of 2 people.Two guns were suppressed groups of anti-tank riflemen and machine gunners.But the third point of the fire still shooting was conducted.All attempts to silence the machine gun were unsuccessful.Then we moved to the bunker ordinary sailors and Peter Alexander Ogurtsov.On the outskirts of a second soldier was seriously wounded.Sailors decided to terminate the attack alone.With close to flank to the embrasure, he threw two grenades.Machine-gun fire stopped.But as soon as our soldiers went into the attack, he opened fire again.Then ordinary men picked up and ran to the bunker abruptly closed the embrasure with his body.So, at the cost of his own life, the Red facilitated the execution of the set before the unit mission.
According to some authors, Alexander Matrosov Matveyevich was killed already on the roof of the bunker, while trying to throw grenades.Then, having fallen, he closed a vent, diverting powder gases.That is what has given respite to our soldiers and to make it possible to roll until the Germans removed the body Matrosov.In some publications had opinions about "unintentional" acts of the Red Army.It was said that Sailors really, to pick up a machine-gun nest, if not tried to shoot an enemy machine gunner, or at least prevent him to shoot more, but for some reason (tripped or was injured) fell into the breach.So, his body, he inadvertently closed the review of the Germans.The battalion, taking advantage of this, even a small hitch, unable to continue his attack.
Some authors have tried to talk about the rationality of the act Matrosov, contrasting his attempt to close a recess that could use other methods to suppress the enemy's firing points.For example, one of the former commanders of the reconnaissance suggests that the human body can not be any effective or significant obstacle for the German machine guns.It extends even a version that was struck Sailors queue when he tried to sit up, to throw a grenade.For the soldiers, who stood behind him, it was as if he was trying to shield them from a machine-gun fire.
propaganda value deed
feat Alexander Matrosov in Soviet propaganda is a symbol of valor and courage, the dedication of a soldier, his fearless love for their homeland and unconditional hatred of the occupiers.For ideological reasons, the date of the heroic deed was moved to February 23, in conjunction with the Day of the Soviet Army and Navy.In the list name of the irretrievable loss of the Second Infantry Battalion separate Alexander Matrosov recorded 27 numbers with five other soldiers and 2 junior sergeant.In fact, the future hero of the front was only the 25th of February.
Conclusion Despite the large number of inconsistencies, both in the biography of Matrosov, and the versions of his actions, his action is no longer on it to be heroic.In many cities of the former Soviet Union, the streets and squares are named after the hero still.Many of the soldiers, and to Matrosov, and after him, committed similar acts.According to some authors, these people justified senseless loss of life in battle.Soldiers were forced to go to a frontal assault on an enemy machine-gun fire, which suppress in the artillery barrage did not even try.Alexander Matveyevich Matrosov was not the only hero of the Soviet Union, but also a national hero of Bashkortostan.Yunus Yusupov, one of the versions is his father after the death of Sasha proudly walked through their village, saying that "it Shakiryan" real man.However, the villagers did not believe him, but that pride of a father for his son did not decrease.He believed that Shakiryan should be the second, after Salavat Yulaev, Bashkir national hero.Hoax strengthens the mythical representation: the hero becomes more human, more alive, convincing.Regardless of what he was actually - Shakiryanom or Sasha, son of Bashkir and Russian - the main points of his life are undeniable.His life had been and children's homes, and the colony, work and service.But above all, in his life and was a feat in the name of freedom of the Soviet people.