quality plaster to the wall, it is necessary to achieve the highest level surface.To facilitate the task of using technology leveling walls with special guides that are called beacons.Lighthouses are made of metal, plastic, self-made of plaster or cement mortar.Use ready-made guide the process much faster, almost no effect on the cost of finishing work: they are inexpensive, installed much faster than homemade.Moreover, their advantage is that the solution is caught on a metal or plastic is easy to clean off the lighthouse, but with plaster or cement is not easy.
So, buy the correct size beacons (beacon depends on the height of the thickness of the plaster), cut them into pieces of desired size (standard length - 3 m), using conventional construction metal shears.
How to install beacons on solution
on the wall with a plumb or coated strands plot the vertical lines in different corners of the walls.On each of them preparing at least five pieces of the solution, which set the beacons for leveling walls.Every guide to press down so that the through holes for the fixing solution is passed.Thereafter beacons using building level aligns vertically.
After beacons to align the walls in the corners installed between two pull cord from above and below that plane form the future plaster.This is followed by the installation of intermediate rails.The distance between them is determined by the size of the rules that will be used for plastering.If a rule has a length of 2 meters, the step to which you are beacons for leveling walls is 1.7-1.9 m. The order of installation is similar, but there is no need to check them vertically; they are aligned to the cords.
Preparation of mortar and plastering
alignment walls under the lighthouses provides application solution for plastering.Most often use dry mixes, which are usually added to the water.Ready to use, they must be, strictly observing the instructions that are included with each composition.
plastering process itself is divided into three stages:
- Nabryzg.Use a liquid formulation, for which the basic solution is added a little more water.Next, it is sprayed onto the wall netolstym layer (no more than 2-3 mm).Leveling this layer is not necessary (if its thickness does not exceed the maximum height of beacons).
- soil.The solution was done according to the instructions, a thicker layer applied.Between beacons laid solution buyout line the bottom up rule.It is pulled, as a support using beacons for leveling walls.Excess solution is removed with a spatula instrument and sent to the bucket for further use.The first pass to achieve the ideal surface can not, therefore, using a spatula, and breaks the shell filled with a solution and then re-tested rule.
- Finishing layer or smoothing.A small amount of plaster should be diluted to a state of sour cream.This composition is applied to the still free of wet plaster (40-60 minutes must elapse after the collision) and stainless steel trowel overwritten.As a result, the surface should be smooth and glossy.
Each layer of plaster is applied only when the previous one has dried (exception - smoothing).Furthermore, it is desirable to cover each of the layers of primer for better adhesion (adhesion).The primer also need to dry.Long is a process.But nothing too complicated about it there, but if you hire the builders, it will cost dearly.Alignment of walls on beacons (price per square is considered Square) costs about the amount that is spent on the purchase of materials.So decide: either to pay decent money, or make your own.