Contemporary history: a brief description of

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Beginning of modern times comes from 20 th century.This era is considered by many historians to be one of the most controversial.

General

For most countries, this segment has become a kind of turning point milestone.The history of modern times marked by national liberation and social revolution, the emergence of new states from the collapse of the colonial empires.Furthermore, in this era of change took place a complex process of state-legal and social system.In some countries, formed the socialist state.Historians describe this century as cruel as it is marked by local, many civilian and two world wars.Between the many world countries for a long time retain some of the alienation of a different order: ethnic, religious, ideological.This is largely due to non-uniformity in the social, economic and historical development of the states.Especially clearly manifested alienation between the states of the capitalist and the socialist camp.In recent times, partly formed and remain today the military units that are destabilizing the international situation.The relationship between the developed countries in economic terms and the former colonial and dependent countries are characterized as acute and quite contradictory.

development of the country in recent times

Despite some volatility in international relations, there was a certain convergence of countries with roughly the same level of political and economic development.By the second half of the 20th century marked the integration of regional communities.This was evident in the future potential of the merger.The most striking example of this integration is the formation of the European Union.Legal and government of several countries to influence these processes itself underwent important and often highly controversial changes.The historical development of many of them was full of critical situations, a sort of zigzag or irregular.

main directions of development of

By the end of the 20th century was the obvious choice of all the inevitability of a democratic way in the world.Why did this happen?There are a number of key areas of development in modern times.The periodization of the process includes the following steps: the evolution of liberal democracy, the formation of the social structure, the temporary establishment of an authoritarian regime (one of the best examples is the Nazi regime in Germany), the formation of the socialist state, and differs significantly from the Nazis, and the liberal democracy.

At the end of the 20th century marked a strong enough commitment to democratization.Then dominant liberalism was not able to exclusively classical in form to solve many spiritual, moral, economic and social problems.

results democratization

many countries finally managed to overcome the still too elitist liberalism.Thus, the latest time marked by the introduction of equal universal suffrage, the creation of laws that protect some social and labor rights of the population.In the process of liberal democracy losing its role to protect and not to interfere in the economic relations.Now, the state can, at least partially, to interfere in the relations of private property, limit them in favor of the overall national interest.Historians have noted the gradual implementation of the regulation and planning of a market economy.As a result of all these processes has considerably improved the legal and financial situation of the main layers of citizens.

Europe in modern times

desire states to develop helped accelerate the pace of life, breaking outdated traditions.By the 20th century there was emphasized the progress of construction equipment due to the restructuring of cities.This required intensive industrialization, population growth.Technological development has made the life of modern European states is different from what it was in previous eras.Human activities are increasingly focused on mass, away from their own interests.However, some events that took place after World War II are estimated extremely ambiguous.So, for example, the changes in Eastern Europe, according to several authors, were not caused by their own countries' needs, and to some extent inspired by the powerful neighboring states.However, the true democratization of the State Construction Committee is happening manifested in ensuring the necessary quality of life of citizens, the real protection of the rights and freedoms of people.

Conclusion In recent times in Russia has revealed the reality of liberal democracy, all its sides (both negative and positive).In this regard, in the modern movement for the democratization of the increasingly stronger conviction of the need for a special approach to the state and legal institutions.This must not be mechanically copying foreign experience.Against the background of the statement occurs in a comprehensive understanding of the need for a deep understanding of national history and accounting, legal and economic foundations that meet the interests of the citizens.Assessment of the history of statehood allows you to see what to leave behind, and what you need to learn and develop.